The diurnal variation of peripheral white cells and in particular of different lymphocyte subsets has been investigated in 11 normal subjects. Monoclonal antibodies (Mab) phenotyping total T lymphocytes (UCHT1), cytotoxic/suppressor (UCHT4), helper T cells (Leu 3a), B lymphocytes (231) and K/NK cells (H25) have been used. In addition to the traditional parametric statistics, the chronobiological approach of cosinor was adopted in order to inferentially obtain the waveform covering the 24-hr period. Cosinor analysis validated the existence of a significant rhythm for leucocytes (p = 0.04, lymphocytes (p = 0.03), and Leu 3a positive cells (p = 0.04). The best fitting period was equal to 28 hr. No circadian rhythm was documented for lymphocyte subsets positive for Mab UCHT4, 231, H25, by testing the variability with a frequency ranging from 1 cycle every 12hr to 1 cycle every 28 hr. By the non-inferential analysis of temporal curves, a significant peak of Leu 3a positive cells at 20.00 hr (p less than 0.001) was observed. The acrophase has been recorded by cosinor analysis at 20.36 hr. We conclude that the circadian variability of Leu 3a positive cell profile must be taken into account when the helper/suppressor ratio is calculated. The time-dependence of this lymphocyte subpopulation suggests that when therapy with corticosteroids is considered in autoimmunity, it should be planned by keeping the peak of Leu 3a positive cells as a marker time.
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|Titolo:||Study of diurnal variations of human lymphocyte subsets.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|