When formulated properly, most geophysical transport-type process involving passive scalars or motile particles may be described by the same space-time nonlocal field equation which consists of a classical mass balance coupled with a space-time nonlocal convective/dispersive flux. Specific examples employed here include stretched and compressed Brownian motion, diffusion in slit-nanopores, subdiffusive continuous-time random walks (CTRW), super diffusion in the turbulent atmosphere and dispersion of motile and passive particles in fractal porous media. Stretched and compressed Brownian motion, which may be thought of as Brownian motions run with nonlinear clocks, are defined as the limit processes of a special class of random walks possessing nonstationary increments. The limit process has a mean square displacement that increases as t α+1 where α &lt; -1 is a constant. If α = 0 the process is classical Brownian, if α &gt; 0 we say the process is compressed Brownian while if α &lt; 0 it is stretched. The Fokker-Planck equations for these processes are classical ade's with dispersion coefficient proportional to t α. The Brownian-type walks have fixed time step, but nonstationary spatial increments that are Gaussian with power law variance. With the CTRW, both the time increment and the spatial increment are random. The subdiffusive Fokker-Planck equation is fractional in time for the CTRW's considered in this article. The second moments for a Levy spatial trajectory are infinite while the Fokker-Planck equation is an advective-dispersive equation, ade, with constant diffusion coefficient and fractional spatial derivatives. If the Lagrangian velocity is assumed Levy rather than the position, then a similar Fokker-Planck equation is obtained, but the diffusion coefficient is a power law in time. All these Fokker-Planck equations are special cases of the general non-local balance law. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.

A universal field equation for dispersive processes in heterogeneous media / J. H., Cushman; M., Park; Moroni, Monica; N., Kleinfelter Domelle; D., O'Malley. - In: STOCHASTIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND RISK ASSESSMENT. - ISSN 1436-3240. - 25:1(2011), pp. 1-10. [10.1007/s00477-010-0446-4]

### A universal field equation for dispersive processes in heterogeneous media

#### Abstract

When formulated properly, most geophysical transport-type process involving passive scalars or motile particles may be described by the same space-time nonlocal field equation which consists of a classical mass balance coupled with a space-time nonlocal convective/dispersive flux. Specific examples employed here include stretched and compressed Brownian motion, diffusion in slit-nanopores, subdiffusive continuous-time random walks (CTRW), super diffusion in the turbulent atmosphere and dispersion of motile and passive particles in fractal porous media. Stretched and compressed Brownian motion, which may be thought of as Brownian motions run with nonlinear clocks, are defined as the limit processes of a special class of random walks possessing nonstationary increments. The limit process has a mean square displacement that increases as t α+1 where α < -1 is a constant. If α = 0 the process is classical Brownian, if α > 0 we say the process is compressed Brownian while if α < 0 it is stretched. The Fokker-Planck equations for these processes are classical ade's with dispersion coefficient proportional to t α. The Brownian-type walks have fixed time step, but nonstationary spatial increments that are Gaussian with power law variance. With the CTRW, both the time increment and the spatial increment are random. The subdiffusive Fokker-Planck equation is fractional in time for the CTRW's considered in this article. The second moments for a Levy spatial trajectory are infinite while the Fokker-Planck equation is an advective-dispersive equation, ade, with constant diffusion coefficient and fractional spatial derivatives. If the Lagrangian velocity is assumed Levy rather than the position, then a similar Fokker-Planck equation is obtained, but the diffusion coefficient is a power law in time. All these Fokker-Planck equations are special cases of the general non-local balance law. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa
2011
porous media; non-local; dispersion; universal; multi-scale
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A universal field equation for dispersive processes in heterogeneous media / J. H., Cushman; M., Park; Moroni, Monica; N., Kleinfelter Domelle; D., O'Malley. - In: STOCHASTIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND RISK ASSESSMENT. - ISSN 1436-3240. - 25:1(2011), pp. 1-10. [10.1007/s00477-010-0446-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/11573/494140`
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