A total of 153 patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection underwent complete ophthalmologic examinations for the presence of any eye pathology. We wanted to show a correlation between such pathology and total CD4+ lymphocyte count, believed to be an indicator of immunologic status. The most frequently encountered lesions were cotton-wool patches, vascular congestion, hemorrhages, chorioretinitis, segmental vasculitis, and pallid papilla. Almost all of the patients with ocular anomalies also had a CD4+ count of less than 200 cells/mm3 suggesting that ocular lesions have a negative prognostic significance even in asymptomatic patients who present with a severe impairment of their immune system.
OCULAR MANIFESTATIONS IN HIV-SEROPOSITIVE PATIENTS / BALACCO GABRIELI, Corrado; G., Angarano; Moramarco, Antonietta; S., Locaputo; L., Castellano. - In: ANNALS OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 0003-4886. - STAMPA. - 22:5(1990), pp. 173-176.