Objectives: To reduce the increase of oxidative stress and the upregulation of CD40L during stenting procedure using ascorbic acid infusion. Background: CD40L upregulation occurring after coronary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention predicts vascular events but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Methods: Fifty-six patients undergoing elective coronary stenting were randomly allocated to intravenous infusion of the antioxidant ascorbic acid or placebo. Platelet CD40L and plasma levels of soluble CD40L and of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative stress, were measured before and after coronary stenting. In vitro study was also done to measure reactive oxidant species and CD40L expression in platelets exposed to anoxiareoxygenation. Results: Placebo-treated patients showed a significant increase of platelet CD40L, soluble CD40L and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine compared to baseline values. Patients given ascorbic acid showed no change of soluble CD40L and platelet CD40L but a significant decrease of 8-hydroxy- 2-deoxyguanosine. After 60 and 120 min, soluble CD40L, platelet CD40L and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine were significantly lower in the ascorbic acid-treated group compared to the placebo-treated one. A significant correlation between platelet CD40L and soluble CD40L and between soluble CD40L and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine was observed. Platelets, in vitro exposed to anoxia-reoxygenation, had a burst of ROS and an upregulation of CD40L that were inhibited by ascorbic acid or apocynin, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase. Conclusions: This study shows that in patients undergoing coronary stenting CD40L is upregulated with a mechanism which is likely mediated by oxidative stress.

Ascorbic Acid Infusion Blunts CD40L Upregulation in Patients Undergoing Coronary Stent / Pignatelli, Pasquale; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Carnevale, Roberto; DI SANTO, Serena; Loffredo, Lorenzo; Andrea, Celestini; Proietti, Marco; Priscilla, Tovaglia; Mangieri, Enrico; Basili, Stefania; Violi, Francesco. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR THERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 1755-5914. - STAMPA. - 29:6(2011), pp. 385-394. [10.1111/j.1755-5922.2010.00168.x]

Ascorbic Acid Infusion Blunts CD40L Upregulation in Patients Undergoing Coronary Stent

PIGNATELLI, Pasquale;TANZILLI, Gaetano;CARNEVALE, Roberto;DI SANTO, SERENA;LOFFREDO, Lorenzo;PROIETTI, Marco;MANGIERI, Enrico;BASILI, Stefania;VIOLI, Francesco
2011

Abstract

Objectives: To reduce the increase of oxidative stress and the upregulation of CD40L during stenting procedure using ascorbic acid infusion. Background: CD40L upregulation occurring after coronary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention predicts vascular events but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Methods: Fifty-six patients undergoing elective coronary stenting were randomly allocated to intravenous infusion of the antioxidant ascorbic acid or placebo. Platelet CD40L and plasma levels of soluble CD40L and of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative stress, were measured before and after coronary stenting. In vitro study was also done to measure reactive oxidant species and CD40L expression in platelets exposed to anoxiareoxygenation. Results: Placebo-treated patients showed a significant increase of platelet CD40L, soluble CD40L and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine compared to baseline values. Patients given ascorbic acid showed no change of soluble CD40L and platelet CD40L but a significant decrease of 8-hydroxy- 2-deoxyguanosine. After 60 and 120 min, soluble CD40L, platelet CD40L and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine were significantly lower in the ascorbic acid-treated group compared to the placebo-treated one. A significant correlation between platelet CD40L and soluble CD40L and between soluble CD40L and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine was observed. Platelets, in vitro exposed to anoxia-reoxygenation, had a burst of ROS and an upregulation of CD40L that were inhibited by ascorbic acid or apocynin, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase. Conclusions: This study shows that in patients undergoing coronary stenting CD40L is upregulated with a mechanism which is likely mediated by oxidative stress.
ascorbic acid; cd40l; oxidative stress; percutaneous coronary interventions; pci; platelets
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Ascorbic Acid Infusion Blunts CD40L Upregulation in Patients Undergoing Coronary Stent / Pignatelli, Pasquale; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Carnevale, Roberto; DI SANTO, Serena; Loffredo, Lorenzo; Andrea, Celestini; Proietti, Marco; Priscilla, Tovaglia; Mangieri, Enrico; Basili, Stefania; Violi, Francesco. - In: CARDIOVASCULAR THERAPEUTICS. - ISSN 1755-5914. - STAMPA. - 29:6(2011), pp. 385-394. [10.1111/j.1755-5922.2010.00168.x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/485481
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