Chronic renal failure and acute renal failure (CRF and ARF) are common complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) that adversely affect patient survival. Many factors influence the development of ARF in the OLT setting. In a previous study we reported an association between ARF and the development of CRF at 1 month after OLT. The aims of our study were to evaluate the influence of ARF on short-, middle-, and long-term renal function after OLT and its influence on 1-year survival of patients and grafts. Fourty-four patients who underwent deceased donor OLT between August 2008 and August 2010 were evaluated pretransplantation, in the perioperative period, and at 1, 6, and 12 months posttransplantation. ARF was associated with CRF at 1 month post-OLT, whereas no association was observed at 6 and 12 months post-OLT. The development of CRF at 6 months post-OLT was associated with pre-OLT renal dysfunction and 1 month post-OLT CRF. Four patients died in the ARF group, whereas 3 patients died in the group without ARF. We confirmed ARF to be a predictive event for short-term renal dysfunction. The majority of patients recovered renal function after the first month. Although many pre-, peri-, and post-OLT factors may contribute to the development of posttransplantation CRF, pre-OLT CRF seemed to be the most important risk factor.

Acute Renal Failure in Liver Transplant Recipients: Role of Pretransplantation Renal Function and 1-Year Follow-Up / Tinti, Francesca; Umbro, Ilaria; Giannelli, Valerio; Merli, Manuela; GINANNI CORRADINI, Stefano; Rossi, Massimo; Nofroni, Italo; Poli, Luca; Berloco, Pasquale Bartolomeo; Mitterhofer, Anna Paola. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 43:4(2011), pp. 1136-1138. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.02.042]

Acute Renal Failure in Liver Transplant Recipients: Role of Pretransplantation Renal Function and 1-Year Follow-Up

TINTI, FRANCESCA;UMBRO, ILARIA;GIANNELLI, VALERIO;MERLI, Manuela;GINANNI CORRADINI, Stefano;ROSSI, MASSIMO;NOFRONI, Italo;POLI, Luca;BERLOCO, Pasquale Bartolomeo;MITTERHOFER, Anna Paola
2011

Abstract

Chronic renal failure and acute renal failure (CRF and ARF) are common complications after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) that adversely affect patient survival. Many factors influence the development of ARF in the OLT setting. In a previous study we reported an association between ARF and the development of CRF at 1 month after OLT. The aims of our study were to evaluate the influence of ARF on short-, middle-, and long-term renal function after OLT and its influence on 1-year survival of patients and grafts. Fourty-four patients who underwent deceased donor OLT between August 2008 and August 2010 were evaluated pretransplantation, in the perioperative period, and at 1, 6, and 12 months posttransplantation. ARF was associated with CRF at 1 month post-OLT, whereas no association was observed at 6 and 12 months post-OLT. The development of CRF at 6 months post-OLT was associated with pre-OLT renal dysfunction and 1 month post-OLT CRF. Four patients died in the ARF group, whereas 3 patients died in the group without ARF. We confirmed ARF to be a predictive event for short-term renal dysfunction. The majority of patients recovered renal function after the first month. Although many pre-, peri-, and post-OLT factors may contribute to the development of posttransplantation CRF, pre-OLT CRF seemed to be the most important risk factor.
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Acute Renal Failure in Liver Transplant Recipients: Role of Pretransplantation Renal Function and 1-Year Follow-Up / Tinti, Francesca; Umbro, Ilaria; Giannelli, Valerio; Merli, Manuela; GINANNI CORRADINI, Stefano; Rossi, Massimo; Nofroni, Italo; Poli, Luca; Berloco, Pasquale Bartolomeo; Mitterhofer, Anna Paola. - In: TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS. - ISSN 0041-1345. - STAMPA. - 43:4(2011), pp. 1136-1138. [10.1016/j.transproceed.2011.02.042]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/484918
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