ABSTRACT This study was aimed at assessing, in normal knees, the variability of posterior offset of femoral condyles and tibial slope and the presence of any correlation between the two which might be needed to achieve an adequate joint motion in flexion. Magnetic resonance images of normal knees of 80 subjects, 45 males and 35 females, with a mean age of 38.9 years, were analysed. Measurements were performed by two independent observers using an imaging visualization software. The tibial slope averaged 8° and 7.7°, on the medial and lateral side, respectively (p= 0.2); the mean posterior offset of femoral condyles was 27.4 and 25.2 mm on the two sides, respectively (p=0.0001). The variation coefficient of the condylar offset and tibial slope was 11.5% and 38%, respectively. In the medial compartment, a significant correlation was found between the femoral condylar offset and the tibial slope, while the same was not observed in the lateral compartment of the knee. Magnetic resonance imaging allows the assessment of tibial slope and femoral condylar offset in the medial and lateral side separately, taking into account any difference between the two compartments. The sagittal tibial slope exhibits a greater variability compared to the posterior offset of femoral condyles. The correlation found, in the medial compartment, between the tibial slope and femoral condylar offset suggests that the reconstitution of the proper morphology of the posterior part of the knee joint may be necessary to obtain a full range of motion in flexion after total knee replacement.

Correlation between posterior offset of femoral condyles and sagittal slope of tibial plateau / Cinotti, Gianluca; Sessa, P.; Ripani, F. R.; Postacchini, R.; Masciangelo, R.; Giannicola, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF ANATOMY. - ISSN 0021-8782. - STAMPA. - 221:5(2012), pp. 452-458. [10.1111/j.1469-7580.2012.01563.x]

Correlation between posterior offset of femoral condyles and sagittal slope of tibial plateau.

CINOTTI, Gianluca;G. Giannicola
2012

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at assessing, in normal knees, the variability of posterior offset of femoral condyles and tibial slope and the presence of any correlation between the two which might be needed to achieve an adequate joint motion in flexion. Magnetic resonance images of normal knees of 80 subjects, 45 males and 35 females, with a mean age of 38.9 years, were analysed. Measurements were performed by two independent observers using an imaging visualization software. The tibial slope averaged 8° and 7.7°, on the medial and lateral side, respectively (p= 0.2); the mean posterior offset of femoral condyles was 27.4 and 25.2 mm on the two sides, respectively (p=0.0001). The variation coefficient of the condylar offset and tibial slope was 11.5% and 38%, respectively. In the medial compartment, a significant correlation was found between the femoral condylar offset and the tibial slope, while the same was not observed in the lateral compartment of the knee. Magnetic resonance imaging allows the assessment of tibial slope and femoral condylar offset in the medial and lateral side separately, taking into account any difference between the two compartments. The sagittal tibial slope exhibits a greater variability compared to the posterior offset of femoral condyles. The correlation found, in the medial compartment, between the tibial slope and femoral condylar offset suggests that the reconstitution of the proper morphology of the posterior part of the knee joint may be necessary to obtain a full range of motion in flexion after total knee replacement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/484529
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