This work has been focused on the development of novel optical (Surface Plasmon Resonance) and electrochemical based biosensors for the determination of 25-OH vitamin D (25OHD) which is an important factor involved in avoiding both skeletal damage and a variety of pathological conditions, and to evaluate their potential use in clinical practice. Different approaches to the determination of vitamin D using affinity based biosensors, are described herein; firstly, an immunosensor based on SPR transduction was realized for direct determination of vitamin D, obtaining a LOD of 2 mu g/ml which unfortunately is too far from the needs in clinical analysis. In order to enhance the sensitivity, the vitamin D was modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs): the binding of 25OHD with AuNPs determines the amplification of SPR signal, allowing to lower the LOD down to 1 mu g/ml, doubling the sensitivity. An alternative SPR method, based on the indirect determination of vitamin D by means of Vitamin D Binding Protein (VDBP), led to a further sensitivity increase reaching a LOD of 45 ng/ml which is really close to the fixed accomplishment. Finally, an electrochemical transduced biosensor has been realized, based on the reaction of vitamin D with 4-ferrocenylmethyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (FMTAD): once derivatized, the determination of 25OHD was possible in the range 20-200 ng/ml with a LOD of 10 ng/ml. The latter proposed system fits the requirement of determining vitamin D in a concentration range which is of significance for clinical applications; moreover, since a screen printed electrode has been used, this opens the possibility to miniaturize the sensor and developing a portable and easy-to-automate point-of-care testing device. The proposed devices provide an improvement with respect to traditional methods that are time and reagents consuming and require radioactive compounds, pretreatment procedures and expensive instrumentation. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Several approaches for vitamin D determination by surface plasmon resonance and electrochemical affinity biosensors / Luciano, Carlucci; Favero, Gabriele; Tortolini, Cristina; Massimo Di, Fusco; Elisabetta, Romagnoli; Minisola, Salvatore; Mazzei, Franco. - In: BIOSENSORS & BIOELECTRONICS. - ISSN 0956-5663. - STAMPA. - 40:1(2013), pp. 350-355. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 22nd Anniversary World Congress on Biosensors / Summer School on Printed Biosensors and Electronics tenutosi a Cancun, MEXICO nel MAY 15-18, 2012 [10.1016/j.bios.2012.07.077].

Several approaches for vitamin D determination by surface plasmon resonance and electrochemical affinity biosensors

FAVERO, Gabriele;TORTOLINI, CRISTINA;MINISOLA, Salvatore;MAZZEI, Franco
2013

Abstract

This work has been focused on the development of novel optical (Surface Plasmon Resonance) and electrochemical based biosensors for the determination of 25-OH vitamin D (25OHD) which is an important factor involved in avoiding both skeletal damage and a variety of pathological conditions, and to evaluate their potential use in clinical practice. Different approaches to the determination of vitamin D using affinity based biosensors, are described herein; firstly, an immunosensor based on SPR transduction was realized for direct determination of vitamin D, obtaining a LOD of 2 mu g/ml which unfortunately is too far from the needs in clinical analysis. In order to enhance the sensitivity, the vitamin D was modified with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs): the binding of 25OHD with AuNPs determines the amplification of SPR signal, allowing to lower the LOD down to 1 mu g/ml, doubling the sensitivity. An alternative SPR method, based on the indirect determination of vitamin D by means of Vitamin D Binding Protein (VDBP), led to a further sensitivity increase reaching a LOD of 45 ng/ml which is really close to the fixed accomplishment. Finally, an electrochemical transduced biosensor has been realized, based on the reaction of vitamin D with 4-ferrocenylmethyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (FMTAD): once derivatized, the determination of 25OHD was possible in the range 20-200 ng/ml with a LOD of 10 ng/ml. The latter proposed system fits the requirement of determining vitamin D in a concentration range which is of significance for clinical applications; moreover, since a screen printed electrode has been used, this opens the possibility to miniaturize the sensor and developing a portable and easy-to-automate point-of-care testing device. The proposed devices provide an improvement with respect to traditional methods that are time and reagents consuming and require radioactive compounds, pretreatment procedures and expensive instrumentation. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/484273
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