In this review we shall discuss the biological rationale and the clinical findings obtained using Interleukin 2 (IL2)-based immunotherapy in the management of cancer patients. Objective and long-lived clinical responses have been documented in a proportion of cases, particularly renal cell carcinoma, melanoma and acute myeloid leukaemia. Though encouraging, the clinical use of IL2 has so far been limited by toxicity, as well as by the heterogeneous and unpredictable responses and by the lack of specific anti-tumour effect. These considerations have led to the belief that more sophisticated technologies aimed at introducing the IL2 gene into the neoplastic cells may potentially overcome some of the limitations coupled to the in vivo infusion of high doses of IL2. The data accumulated in animal models and, more recently, also with human tumour cells indicate that the IL2 gene may be successfully inserted into neoplastic cells. The constitutive secretion of IL2 by the tumour cells leads to a reduced or abrogated tumorigenicity in several different tumour models. The evidence that in some experimental tumours the transduction of the IL2 gene into the neoplastic cells may elicit a specific cytotoxic response and confer anti-tumour memory, suggests that vaccination protocols based on this innovative strategy may represent a potential new tool in the management of cancer patients.
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|Titolo:||IL2 treatment for cancer: from biology to gene therapy.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01b Commento, Erratum, Replica e simili|