A method for determining the 11 phenols designated as priority pollutants by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency at the parts-per-trillion level in water sampled from the environment is described. Drinking (2 L), ground (1.5 L), and river (0.5 L) water samples are preconcentrated by passing them through a 1 g graphitized carbon black (GCB) reversible cartridge at a flow rate of approximately 70 mL/min. After the GCB cartridge is washed with 1.5 mt methanol to eliminate water, the cartridge is reversed and then back-flushed with an acidic CH2Cl2-CH3OH mixture for eluting phenols. After partial solvent removal, the sample is subjected to reversed-phase liquid chromatography with UV detection by either a conventional or a diode-array detector. Recoveries of phenols added to 2 L of drinking water at levels between 0.05 and 4 mu g/L were higher than 90%. Compared with an octadecyl bonded silica (C-18) cartridge, the GCB cartridge had a far better extraction efficiency for the more highly water-soluble phenols. The extent to which the presence of fulvic acids in water affected the recovery of the phenols considered was investigated.
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|Titolo:||DETERMINATION OF PHENOL POLLUTANTS IN WATER AT TRACE LEVELS - EXTRACTION BY A REVERSIBLE GRAPHITIZED CARBON-BLACK CARTRIDGE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|