Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease characterized by an exceedingly high number of contiguous glutamine residues in the translated protein, huntingtin (Htt). The primary site of cell toxicity is the nucleus, but mitochondria have been identified as key components of cell damage. The present work has been carried out in immortalized lymphocytes from patients with HD. These cells, in comparison with lymphoid cells from healthy subjects, displayed: i) a redistribution of mitochondria, forming large aggregates; ii) a constitutive hyperpolarization of mitochondrial membrane; and iii) a constitutive alteration of mitochondrial fission machinery, with high apoptotic susceptibility. Moreover, mitochondrial fission molecules, e.g., protein dynamin-related protein 1, as well as Htt, associated with mitochondrial raft-like microdomains, glycosphingolipid-enriched structures detectable in mitochondria. These findings, together with the observation that a ceramide synthase inhibitor and a raft disruptor are capable of impairing the peculiar mitochondrial remodeling in HD cells, suggest that mitochondrial alterations occurring in these cells could be due to raft-mediated defects of mitochondrial fission/fusion machinery. Copyright © 2012 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease characterized by an exceedingly high number of contiguous glutamine residues in the translated protein, huntingtin (Htt). The primary site of cell toxicity is the nucleus, but mitochondria have been identified as key components of cell damage. The present work has been carried out in immortalized lymphocytes from patients with HD. These cells, in comparison with lymphoid cells from healthy subjects, displayed: i) a redistribution of mitochondria, forming large aggregates; ii) a constitutive hyperpolarization of mitochondrial membrane; and iii) a constitutive alteration of mitochondrial fission machinery, with high apoptotic susceptibility. Moreover, mitochondrial fission molecules, e. g., protein dynamin-related protein 1, as well as Htt, associated with mitochondrial raft-like microdomains, glycosphingolipid-enriched structures detectable in mitochondria. These findings, together with the observation that a ceramide synthase inhibitor and a raft disruptor are capable of impairing the peculiar mitochondrial remodeling in HD cells, suggest that mitochondrial alterations occurring in these cells could be due to raft-mediated defects of mitochondrial fission/fusion machinery.-Ciarlo, L., V. Manganelli, P. Matarrese, T. Garofalo, A. Tinari, L. Gambardella, M. Marconi, M. Grasso, R. Misasi, M. Sorice, and W. Malorni. Raft-like microdomains play a key role in mitochondrial impairment in lymphoid cells from patients with Huntington's disease. J. Lipid Res. 2012. 53: 2057-2068.

Raft-like microdomains play a key role in mitochondrial impairment in lymphoid cells from patients with Huntington's disease / L., Ciarlo; Manganelli, Valeria; P., Matarrese; Garofalo, Tina; A., Tinari; L., Gambardella; M., Marconi; Grasso, Maria; Misasi, Roberta; Sorice, Maurizio; W., Malorni. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - ELETTRONICO. - 53:10(2012), pp. 2057-2068. [10.1194/jlr.m026062]

Raft-like microdomains play a key role in mitochondrial impairment in lymphoid cells from patients with Huntington's disease

MANGANELLI, VALERIA;GAROFALO, TINA;GRASSO, MARIA;MISASI, Roberta;SORICE, Maurizio;
2012

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease characterized by an exceedingly high number of contiguous glutamine residues in the translated protein, huntingtin (Htt). The primary site of cell toxicity is the nucleus, but mitochondria have been identified as key components of cell damage. The present work has been carried out in immortalized lymphocytes from patients with HD. These cells, in comparison with lymphoid cells from healthy subjects, displayed: i) a redistribution of mitochondria, forming large aggregates; ii) a constitutive hyperpolarization of mitochondrial membrane; and iii) a constitutive alteration of mitochondrial fission machinery, with high apoptotic susceptibility. Moreover, mitochondrial fission molecules, e.g., protein dynamin-related protein 1, as well as Htt, associated with mitochondrial raft-like microdomains, glycosphingolipid-enriched structures detectable in mitochondria. These findings, together with the observation that a ceramide synthase inhibitor and a raft disruptor are capable of impairing the peculiar mitochondrial remodeling in HD cells, suggest that mitochondrial alterations occurring in these cells could be due to raft-mediated defects of mitochondrial fission/fusion machinery. Copyright © 2012 by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
2012
Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disease characterized by an exceedingly high number of contiguous glutamine residues in the translated protein, huntingtin (Htt). The primary site of cell toxicity is the nucleus, but mitochondria have been identified as key components of cell damage. The present work has been carried out in immortalized lymphocytes from patients with HD. These cells, in comparison with lymphoid cells from healthy subjects, displayed: i) a redistribution of mitochondria, forming large aggregates; ii) a constitutive hyperpolarization of mitochondrial membrane; and iii) a constitutive alteration of mitochondrial fission machinery, with high apoptotic susceptibility. Moreover, mitochondrial fission molecules, e. g., protein dynamin-related protein 1, as well as Htt, associated with mitochondrial raft-like microdomains, glycosphingolipid-enriched structures detectable in mitochondria. These findings, together with the observation that a ceramide synthase inhibitor and a raft disruptor are capable of impairing the peculiar mitochondrial remodeling in HD cells, suggest that mitochondrial alterations occurring in these cells could be due to raft-mediated defects of mitochondrial fission/fusion machinery.-Ciarlo, L., V. Manganelli, P. Matarrese, T. Garofalo, A. Tinari, L. Gambardella, M. Marconi, M. Grasso, R. Misasi, M. Sorice, and W. Malorni. Raft-like microdomains play a key role in mitochondrial impairment in lymphoid cells from patients with Huntington's disease. J. Lipid Res. 2012. 53: 2057-2068.
fission; huntingtin; mitochondria; rafts
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Raft-like microdomains play a key role in mitochondrial impairment in lymphoid cells from patients with Huntington's disease / L., Ciarlo; Manganelli, Valeria; P., Matarrese; Garofalo, Tina; A., Tinari; L., Gambardella; M., Marconi; Grasso, Maria; Misasi, Roberta; Sorice, Maurizio; W., Malorni. - In: JOURNAL OF LIPID RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-2275. - ELETTRONICO. - 53:10(2012), pp. 2057-2068. [10.1194/jlr.m026062]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/470633
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