Brain metastases from hepatocarcinoma are exceptional and only a few cases have been reported in the literature, mainly from Far-Eastern countries. Clinical diagnosis in asymptomatic patients with preserved liver function is difficult and usually late. In some cases, cerebral metastasis is the initial manifestation of HCC and patients may develop intracerebral hemorrage and have a stroke-like presentation. We report on the first Italian case of cerebral metastases from multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma in an asymptomatic HbsAg negative patient with unknown HCV related chronic hepatitis and no evidence of liver cirrhosis. For many years he had a mild liver enzyme elevation and the presence of multiple misinterpreted hypoechogenic hepatic lesions. The hepatic tumor spread to the lungs and the brain and the patient developed two major episodes of intracranial hemorrage. He had two nodular lesions in the brain and alpha-fetoprotein levels were more than 10,000 ng/ml. He died from neurologic causes, without major signs of liver failure.
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|Titolo:||Intracranial hemorrage due to brain metastases in an Italian HCV patient with hepatocellular carcinoma|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|