The reduction of cyanomethemoglobin by dithionite leads to the appearance of an intermediate, the complex of cyanide with ferrous hemoglobin, whose dissociation is easily followed in a stopped flow apparatus. This reaction was studied in the hemoglobin from the parasitic nematode Parascaris equorum, whose extremely high oxygen affinity is due to a very low dissociation rate. The rate of cyanide dissociation from ferrous Parascaris hemoglobin is not so dramatically different from that of other hemoglobins and myoglobins. Other features of the reaction are: (i) the rate constant of cyanide release is pH independent, an observation which is agreement with the possible absence of the distal histidine, given the mechanism suggested in a previous study (Bellelli, A., Antonini, G., Brunori, M, Springer, B.A. and Sligar, S.G. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 18898-18901), and (ii) the time-course shows no kinetic cooperativity. The structural basis of the extremely high oxygen affinity of Parascaris hemoglobin cannot be explained on the basis of the results here reported. This study also confirms that, even though cyanide binding to ferrous hemoglobins is controlled by distal interactions, the functional behaviour of this ligand is characteristic and differs from the behaviour of oxygen.

Cyanide dissociation from the hemoglobin of Parascaris equorum / Antonini, G; Bellelli, Andrea; Concetti, A; Falcioni, G; Brunori, Maurizio. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - STAMPA. - 1205(1994), pp. 252-257. [10.1016/0167-4838(94)90241-0]

Cyanide dissociation from the hemoglobin of Parascaris equorum.

BELLELLI, Andrea;BRUNORI, Maurizio
1994

Abstract

The reduction of cyanomethemoglobin by dithionite leads to the appearance of an intermediate, the complex of cyanide with ferrous hemoglobin, whose dissociation is easily followed in a stopped flow apparatus. This reaction was studied in the hemoglobin from the parasitic nematode Parascaris equorum, whose extremely high oxygen affinity is due to a very low dissociation rate. The rate of cyanide dissociation from ferrous Parascaris hemoglobin is not so dramatically different from that of other hemoglobins and myoglobins. Other features of the reaction are: (i) the rate constant of cyanide release is pH independent, an observation which is agreement with the possible absence of the distal histidine, given the mechanism suggested in a previous study (Bellelli, A., Antonini, G., Brunori, M, Springer, B.A. and Sligar, S.G. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 18898-18901), and (ii) the time-course shows no kinetic cooperativity. The structural basis of the extremely high oxygen affinity of Parascaris hemoglobin cannot be explained on the basis of the results here reported. This study also confirms that, even though cyanide binding to ferrous hemoglobins is controlled by distal interactions, the functional behaviour of this ligand is characteristic and differs from the behaviour of oxygen.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/466573
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