From 1965 through 1988, 113 patients affected with testicular seminoma were treated at the Dept. of Radiotherapy, University "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Mean age of the patients was 38 years; in 70 cases tumor developed in the right testis and in 43 in the left one. In 9 patients underlying cryptorchidism was observed. All cases underwent radical orchiectomy. Histology diagnosed anaplastic seminoma in 5 cases and pure seminoma in all the other patients. Structures were involved in 7 cases. Eighty-four patients were in stage I, 20 in stage IIA, 4 in IIB, 4 in IIIA, and 1 in stage IIIB. All patients staged as I and IIA were treated with exclusive radiotherapy on paraaortic lymph nodes and inguinal and iliac lymph nodes of the involved sites (total doses: 28-35 Gy in stage I and 34-40 Gy in stage IIA). Before 1970 these patients underwent prophylactic irradiation of mediastinum and of left supraclavicular lymph nodes (total dose: 25-28 Gy). Patients in stage IIB were administered subdiaphragmatic lymph nodes irradiation with inverted-Y field (total dose: 36-45 Gy). Two cases were irradiated also on mediastinum and left supraclavicular lymph nodes, and 2 received two cycles of polychemotherapy (PVB) before irradiation. Patients in stage IIIA underwent sub-/supra-diaphragmatic irradiation (total dose: 40-45 Gy, and 40-42 Gy). The case in stage IIIB underwent palliation chemotherapy and local irradiation. All cases in stages I, IIA and IIB obtained complete remission. Three cases of the 4 in stage IIIA obtained complete remission (75%), while 1 (25%) progressed and died 8 months after diagnosis; the only case in stage IIIB progressed and died after 7 months of follow-up. Two cases in stage I recurred (2.4%), 1 in the mediastinum and 1 in the left supraclavicular lymph nodes. Both were cured with salvage radiation therapy. Toxicity related to treatment was low. Two cases in stage I developed secondary malignant neoplasms, at 4 and 34 months of follow-up, respectively.

[Role of radiotherapy in the treatment of seminoma of the testis] / Tombolini, Vincenzo; A., Capua; L., Grapulin; MAURIZI ENRICI, Riccardo; Osti, Mattia Falchetto; R., Sarra. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - STAMPA. - 82:3(1991), pp. 334-338.

[Role of radiotherapy in the treatment of seminoma of the testis].

TOMBOLINI, Vincenzo;MAURIZI ENRICI, Riccardo;OSTI, Mattia Falchetto;
1991

Abstract

From 1965 through 1988, 113 patients affected with testicular seminoma were treated at the Dept. of Radiotherapy, University "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Mean age of the patients was 38 years; in 70 cases tumor developed in the right testis and in 43 in the left one. In 9 patients underlying cryptorchidism was observed. All cases underwent radical orchiectomy. Histology diagnosed anaplastic seminoma in 5 cases and pure seminoma in all the other patients. Structures were involved in 7 cases. Eighty-four patients were in stage I, 20 in stage IIA, 4 in IIB, 4 in IIIA, and 1 in stage IIIB. All patients staged as I and IIA were treated with exclusive radiotherapy on paraaortic lymph nodes and inguinal and iliac lymph nodes of the involved sites (total doses: 28-35 Gy in stage I and 34-40 Gy in stage IIA). Before 1970 these patients underwent prophylactic irradiation of mediastinum and of left supraclavicular lymph nodes (total dose: 25-28 Gy). Patients in stage IIB were administered subdiaphragmatic lymph nodes irradiation with inverted-Y field (total dose: 36-45 Gy). Two cases were irradiated also on mediastinum and left supraclavicular lymph nodes, and 2 received two cycles of polychemotherapy (PVB) before irradiation. Patients in stage IIIA underwent sub-/supra-diaphragmatic irradiation (total dose: 40-45 Gy, and 40-42 Gy). The case in stage IIIB underwent palliation chemotherapy and local irradiation. All cases in stages I, IIA and IIB obtained complete remission. Three cases of the 4 in stage IIIA obtained complete remission (75%), while 1 (25%) progressed and died 8 months after diagnosis; the only case in stage IIIB progressed and died after 7 months of follow-up. Two cases in stage I recurred (2.4%), 1 in the mediastinum and 1 in the left supraclavicular lymph nodes. Both were cured with salvage radiation therapy. Toxicity related to treatment was low. Two cases in stage I developed secondary malignant neoplasms, at 4 and 34 months of follow-up, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/458266
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