In vivo studies have suggested that the kappa opioid system can partially inhibit the development of physical dependence to mu agonists. Vice versa, activation of mu receptors may inhibit the expression of physical dependence to kappa agonists. We studied mu-kappa interactions in the isolated guinea-pig ileum (GPI). In the isolated GPI briefly exposed to mu or kappa- agonists the addition of the respective antagonists precipitated a withdrawal contracture. After a first withdrawal response, however, some tissues failed to exhibit subsequent mu or kappa withdrawal contractures. A withdrawal contracture to the selective mu antagonist, cyprodime, after repeated exposures to a selective mu agonist, dermorphin, was restored by nor-binaltorphimine (BNI), a selective kappa antagonist. Vice versa, after repeated exposures to the kappa agonist: U-50,488H, cyprodime restored tissue responsiveness to BNI. Tissues repeatedly exposed to dermorphin and washed after each exposure contracted to the addition of BNI. Tissues repeatedly exposed to U-50,488H contracted on the addition of cyprodime. These findings strongly suggest that exogenous agonist-elicited stimulation of the mu (or kappa) opioid system indirectly activates the endogenous kappa (or mu) system. The indirectly-activated endogenous system inhibits the withdrawal response to the exogenously-stimulated opioid system. In isolated GPI the mu and kappa opioid systems thus appear to interact, regulating each other. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.
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|Titolo:||Mu and kappa opioid system interactions in the expression of acute opioid dependence in isolated guinea-pig ileum|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|