The concentrations of three classes of polyamines, trichloroacetic acid-soluble (free), TCA-soluble conjugated (to small molecules) and TCA-insoluble conjugated (to macromolecules), was examined during de novo floral and vegetative bud formation in thin cell layers of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Samsun. Explants (consisting of 5–6 layers of epidermal, subepidermal and parenchyma cells) were excised either from floral pedicels or from stem internodes at the unripe fruit stage and cultured on the same medium. In the former, the first de novo formed flower buds appeared on day 8 of culture, while in the latter the first vegetative domes appeared on day 10. In both cases the number of floral and vegetative buds increased up to day 12 and 15, respectively. Changes in dry weight were determined throughout the culture period. Free and conjugated putrescine titer increased 5–60 times in both types of culture and in the three classes of polyamines examined; spermidine content also increased, while spermine, when present, did not show significant changes. TCA-soluble conjugated polyamines were most abundant, being about 2-fold the TCA-insoluble conjugated ones and 10-fold the free ones. The major increment in putrescine and spermidine content occurred in stem internode explants developing vegetative buds. In pedicel explants the maximum putrescine level was reached before or on day 8 in culture (emergence of the first flower buds with calyx initials), while in stem internode explants the maximum level was reached on day 12, at the emergence of the first vegetative buds with leaf primordia. While spermidine prevailed on day 0, putrescine was the most abundant polyamine during both differentiation processes. The putrescine content rapidly increased immediately after the onset of culture. Thus conjugated polyamines, especially putrescine, and not only the free ones, seem to be involved in both the reproductive and vegetative phases of tobacco growth and development.
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|Titolo:||FREE AND CONJUGATED POLYAMINES DURING DENOVO FLORAL AND VEGETATIVE BUD FORMATION IN THIN CELL-LAYERS OF TOBACCO|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1987|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|