Interleukin-2 (IL2) binds with high affinity to the IL2 receptors overexpressed on activated T lymphocytes in various pathologic conditions. Radiolabeling of IL2 with a positron-emitting isotope could provide a tool for noninvasive PET of activated T cells in immune-mediated diseases. We report the labeling of IL2 with N-succinimidyl 4-(18)F-fluorobenzoate ((18)F-SFB) for the synthesis of N-(4-(18)F-fluorobenzoyl)interleukin-2 ((18)F-FB-IL2) and the in vitro and in vivo evaluation of this novel radiopharmaceutical for the detection of IL2 receptor-positive cells by PET.(18)F-SFB was efficiently prepared using a 3-step radiochemical pathway. Purified (18)F-SFB was incubated with IL2 in borate buffer (pH 8.5) and ethanol at 50°C for 10 min. (18)F-FB-IL2 was purified by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. As in vitro quality controls, a biologic binding assay, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, and 3-chloroacetic acid precipitation stability tests were performed. Biodistribution studies were performed in BALB/c mice to evaluate the distribution of the tracer in healthy animals. PET experiments were performed in severe combined immunodeficiency disease mice inoculated with phytohemoagglutinin-activated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMc). Whole-body images were acquired 30 min after injection of 5-15 MBq of (18)F-FB-IL2.(18)F-SFB was produced with a 34\%-38\% radiochemical yield. The radiochemical purity after solid-phase extraction purification ranged from 93\% to 96\%. Conjugation of (18)F-SFB to IL2 yielded (18)F-FB-IL2 as the major product. The radiochemical yield of (18)F-FB-IL2 after high-performance liquid chromatography purification was 25\%-35\% based on (18)F-SFB. (18)F-FB-IL2 was stable in plasma at 37°C and capable of stimulating T cells to an extent similar to native IL2. A biodistribution study showed highest tracer uptake in the kidneys and bladder due to rapid renal clearance of the tracer. Small-animal PET images showed binding of (18)F-FB-IL2 to activated hPBMc proportional to the number of injected cells.We report the successful labeling of IL2 with (18)F for PET of activated T lymphocytes. (18)F-FB-IL2 is stable, is biologically active, and allows in vivo detection of activated T lymphocytes.

N-(4-18F-Fluorobenzoyl)Interleukin-2 for PET of Human-Activated T Lymphocytes / V. D., Gialleonardo; Signore, Alberto; A. W. J. M., Glaudemans; R. A. J. O., Dierckx; E. F. J., de Vries. - In: THE JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 0161-5505. - STAMPA. - 53:(2012), pp. 679-686. [10.2967/jnumed.111.091306]

N-(4-18F-Fluorobenzoyl)Interleukin-2 for PET of Human-Activated T Lymphocytes.

SIGNORE, Alberto;
2012

Abstract

Interleukin-2 (IL2) binds with high affinity to the IL2 receptors overexpressed on activated T lymphocytes in various pathologic conditions. Radiolabeling of IL2 with a positron-emitting isotope could provide a tool for noninvasive PET of activated T cells in immune-mediated diseases. We report the labeling of IL2 with N-succinimidyl 4-(18)F-fluorobenzoate ((18)F-SFB) for the synthesis of N-(4-(18)F-fluorobenzoyl)interleukin-2 ((18)F-FB-IL2) and the in vitro and in vivo evaluation of this novel radiopharmaceutical for the detection of IL2 receptor-positive cells by PET.(18)F-SFB was efficiently prepared using a 3-step radiochemical pathway. Purified (18)F-SFB was incubated with IL2 in borate buffer (pH 8.5) and ethanol at 50°C for 10 min. (18)F-FB-IL2 was purified by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. As in vitro quality controls, a biologic binding assay, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, mass spectrometry, and 3-chloroacetic acid precipitation stability tests were performed. Biodistribution studies were performed in BALB/c mice to evaluate the distribution of the tracer in healthy animals. PET experiments were performed in severe combined immunodeficiency disease mice inoculated with phytohemoagglutinin-activated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (hPBMc). Whole-body images were acquired 30 min after injection of 5-15 MBq of (18)F-FB-IL2.(18)F-SFB was produced with a 34\%-38\% radiochemical yield. The radiochemical purity after solid-phase extraction purification ranged from 93\% to 96\%. Conjugation of (18)F-SFB to IL2 yielded (18)F-FB-IL2 as the major product. The radiochemical yield of (18)F-FB-IL2 after high-performance liquid chromatography purification was 25\%-35\% based on (18)F-SFB. (18)F-FB-IL2 was stable in plasma at 37°C and capable of stimulating T cells to an extent similar to native IL2. A biodistribution study showed highest tracer uptake in the kidneys and bladder due to rapid renal clearance of the tracer. Small-animal PET images showed binding of (18)F-FB-IL2 to activated hPBMc proportional to the number of injected cells.We report the successful labeling of IL2 with (18)F for PET of activated T lymphocytes. (18)F-FB-IL2 is stable, is biologically active, and allows in vivo detection of activated T lymphocytes.
2012
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
N-(4-18F-Fluorobenzoyl)Interleukin-2 for PET of Human-Activated T Lymphocytes / V. D., Gialleonardo; Signore, Alberto; A. W. J. M., Glaudemans; R. A. J. O., Dierckx; E. F. J., de Vries. - In: THE JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 0161-5505. - STAMPA. - 53:(2012), pp. 679-686. [10.2967/jnumed.111.091306]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/448233
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