This paper presents the results of shaking table tests on adjacent structures controlled by passive and semi-active MR dampers. The aim was to demonstrate experimentally the effectiveness of passive and semi-active strategies in reducing structural vibrations due to seismic excitation. The physical model at issue was represented by two adjacent steel structures, respectively of 4 and 2 levels, connected at the second level by a MR damper. When the device operated in semi-active mode, an ON-OFF control algorithm, derived by the Lyapunov stability theory, was implemented and experimentally validated. Since the experimentation concerned adjacent structures, two control objectives have been reached: global and selective protection. In case of global protection, the attention was focused on protecting both structures, whereas, in case of selective protection, the attention was focused on protecting only one structure. For each objective the effectiveness of passive control has been compared with the situation of no control and then the effectiveness of semi-active control has been compared with the passive one. The quantities directly compared have been: measured displacements, accelerations and force-displacement of the MR damper, moreover some global response quantities have been estimated from experimental measures, which are the base share force and the base bending moment, the input energy and the energy dissipated by the device. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the control action in both passive and semi-active case, an energy index EDI, previously defined and already often applied numerically, has been utilized. The aspects investigated in the experimentation have been: the implementation and validation of the control algorithm for selective and global protection, the MR damper input voltage influence, the kind of seismic input and its intensity. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||Shaking table experimentation on adjacent structures controlled by passive and semi-active MR dampers|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Citazione:||Shaking table experimentation on adjacent structures controlled by passive and semi-active MR dampers / Basili, Michela; DE ANGELIS, Maurizio; G., Fraraccio. - In: JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION. - ISSN 0022-460X. - STAMPA. - 332:13(2013), pp. 3113-3133.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|