A two-layer, shallow-water model for three-dimensional (3D) gravity currents is proposed. The formulation results from the shallow-water-equations for two layers of immiscible liquids, subjected by the rigid-lid condition, so that the upper surface of the lighter layer remains perfectly flat during the motion. The arising pressure must be determined by solving the equations of motion, which is no problem for two-dimensional and axisymmetric gravity currents because the pressure is easily eliminated. In 3D gravity currents, the pressure is determined by solving a Poisson equation, together with momentum and mass balance equations. By means of a suitable scaling and a perturbation expansion, the equations are uncoupled from each other so that the problem is considerably simplified. Numerical results are compared with 3D lock-exchange release experiments. A comparison between numerical and experimental results of the gravity current indicates a fairly good agreement, whereas the results concerning the upper layer field variables shows that the numerical results are consistent with the experiments. Copyright © 2012 International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research.

A two-layer, shallow-water model for 3D gravity currents / Michele La, Rocca; Claudia, Adduce; Giampiero, Sciortino; A., Bateman Pinzon; Boniforti, Maria Antonietta. - In: JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-1686. - STAMPA. - 50:2(2012), pp. 208-217. [10.1080/00221686.2012.667680]

A two-layer, shallow-water model for 3D gravity currents

BONIFORTI, Maria Antonietta
2012

Abstract

A two-layer, shallow-water model for three-dimensional (3D) gravity currents is proposed. The formulation results from the shallow-water-equations for two layers of immiscible liquids, subjected by the rigid-lid condition, so that the upper surface of the lighter layer remains perfectly flat during the motion. The arising pressure must be determined by solving the equations of motion, which is no problem for two-dimensional and axisymmetric gravity currents because the pressure is easily eliminated. In 3D gravity currents, the pressure is determined by solving a Poisson equation, together with momentum and mass balance equations. By means of a suitable scaling and a perturbation expansion, the equations are uncoupled from each other so that the problem is considerably simplified. Numerical results are compared with 3D lock-exchange release experiments. A comparison between numerical and experimental results of the gravity current indicates a fairly good agreement, whereas the results concerning the upper layer field variables shows that the numerical results are consistent with the experiments. Copyright © 2012 International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research.
gravity current; hyperbolic partial differential equation; shallow-water equations; stratified fluid
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A two-layer, shallow-water model for 3D gravity currents / Michele La, Rocca; Claudia, Adduce; Giampiero, Sciortino; A., Bateman Pinzon; Boniforti, Maria Antonietta. - In: JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-1686. - STAMPA. - 50:2(2012), pp. 208-217. [10.1080/00221686.2012.667680]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/444526
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