Several drugs and natural compounds are known to be highly neurotoxic, triggering epileptic convulsions or seizures, and causing headaches, agitations, as well as other neuronal symptoms. The neurotoxic effects of some of these compounds, including theophylline and ginkgotoxin, have been traced to their inhibitory activity against human pyridoxal kinase (hPL kinase), resulting in deficiency of the active cofactor form of vitamin B-6, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). Pyridoxal (PL), an inactive form of vitamin B-6 is converted to PLP by PL kinase. PLP is the B-6 vitamer required as a cofactor for over 160 enzymatic activities essential in primary and secondary metabolism. We have performed structural and kinetic studies on hPL kinase with several potential inhibitors, including ginkgotoxin and theophylline. The structural studies show ginkgotoxin and theophylline bound at the substrate site, and are involved in similar protein interactions as the natural substrate, PL. Interestingly, the phosphorylated product of ginkgotoxin is also observed bound at the active site. This work provides insights into the molecular basis of hPL kinase inhibition and may provide a working hypothesis to quickly screen or identify neurotoxic drugs as potential hPL kinase inhibitors. Such adverse effects may be prevented by administration of an appropriate form of vitamin B-6, or provide clues of how to modify these drugs to help reduce their hPL kinase inhibitory effects.

Crystal Structures of Human Pyridoxal Kinase in Complex with the Neurotoxins, Ginkgotoxin and Theophylline: Insights into Pyridoxal Kinase Inhibition / K., Gandhi Amit; Jigar V., Desai; Mohini S., Ghatge; DI SALVO, Martino Luigi; Stefano Di, Biase; Danso Danquah, Richmond; Faik N., Musayev; Contestabile, Roberto; Verne, Schirch; K., Safo Martin. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:7(2012), pp. e40954--. [10.1371/journal.pone.0040954]

Crystal Structures of Human Pyridoxal Kinase in Complex with the Neurotoxins, Ginkgotoxin and Theophylline: Insights into Pyridoxal Kinase Inhibition

DI SALVO, Martino Luigi;CONTESTABILE, Roberto;
2012

Abstract

Several drugs and natural compounds are known to be highly neurotoxic, triggering epileptic convulsions or seizures, and causing headaches, agitations, as well as other neuronal symptoms. The neurotoxic effects of some of these compounds, including theophylline and ginkgotoxin, have been traced to their inhibitory activity against human pyridoxal kinase (hPL kinase), resulting in deficiency of the active cofactor form of vitamin B-6, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). Pyridoxal (PL), an inactive form of vitamin B-6 is converted to PLP by PL kinase. PLP is the B-6 vitamer required as a cofactor for over 160 enzymatic activities essential in primary and secondary metabolism. We have performed structural and kinetic studies on hPL kinase with several potential inhibitors, including ginkgotoxin and theophylline. The structural studies show ginkgotoxin and theophylline bound at the substrate site, and are involved in similar protein interactions as the natural substrate, PL. Interestingly, the phosphorylated product of ginkgotoxin is also observed bound at the active site. This work provides insights into the molecular basis of hPL kinase inhibition and may provide a working hypothesis to quickly screen or identify neurotoxic drugs as potential hPL kinase inhibitors. Such adverse effects may be prevented by administration of an appropriate form of vitamin B-6, or provide clues of how to modify these drugs to help reduce their hPL kinase inhibitory effects.
2012
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Crystal Structures of Human Pyridoxal Kinase in Complex with the Neurotoxins, Ginkgotoxin and Theophylline: Insights into Pyridoxal Kinase Inhibition / K., Gandhi Amit; Jigar V., Desai; Mohini S., Ghatge; DI SALVO, Martino Luigi; Stefano Di, Biase; Danso Danquah, Richmond; Faik N., Musayev; Contestabile, Roberto; Verne, Schirch; K., Safo Martin. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 7:7(2012), pp. e40954--. [10.1371/journal.pone.0040954]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/443849
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