Direct Numerical Simulations of flows in channels are presented to demonstrate that the wall-normal Reynolds stress is a fundamental quantity to assess when the flow past smooth and rough surfaces becomes turbulent. In this paper it is demonstrated that only when (u) over tilde'(+)(2)vertical bar(w) (+ indicates wall units and w the value at the plane of the crest of the roughness elements) is greater than the threshold value of 0.6, there is a transition from a laminar to a turbulent regime. This statement has been checked by changing the shape, the density and the distribution of solid obstacles. The threshold value for (u) over tilde (2)'vertical bar(+)(w) is reached only if the height k(+) of the protuberance is greater than 15. In addition, the simulations for distributed elements have been used to understand the deformation of the Tollmien-Schlichting (T-S) waves by the roughness. Animations show the formation of elongated streaks near the smooth wall, and indicate difference in the shape of structures near the rough surface.
DNS of transitional rough channels / Orlandi, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF TURBULENCE. - ISSN 1468-5248. - ELETTRONICO. - 12(2011), pp. 1-20. [10.1080/14685248.2011.598159]
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|Titolo:||DNS of transitional rough channels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Citazione:||DNS of transitional rough channels / Orlandi, Paolo. - In: JOURNAL OF TURBULENCE. - ISSN 1468-5248. - ELETTRONICO. - 12(2011), pp. 1-20. [10.1080/14685248.2011.598159]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|