Nuclear inclusions, identical to those characteristic of Paget's disease of bone, were observed in giant cells in four of eight cases of primary oxalosis. The giant cells containing nuclear inclusions were directly involved in phagocytosis of large oxalate crystals in the context of typical foreign body granulomas in the bone marrow. Cytochemically, all of them exhibited strong tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity, and a proportion of them also tartrate-resistant acid ATPase. The inclusions consisted of typical arrays of filamentous material as described in Paget's disease, admixed with variable proportions of electron-dense material closely reminiscent of nucleolar pars fibrillaris and fibrillary centres. These data indicate: (a) the occurrence of Paget-like inclusions in a bone disease unrelated to Paget's disease, not causally related to viral infection, and resulting from an inborn metabolic derangement; and (b) the occurrence of Paget-like inclusions in foreign body giant cells as opposed to osteoclasts. We suggest that the occurrence of paramyxovirus-like nuclear inclusions in either osteoclasts or giant cells may represent an epiphenomenon of cell fusion and giant cell formation whenever appropriate stimuli act on latently infected precursor cells. Furthermore, our data suggest that nucleoli may represent the specific site of virus-like inclusion formation.
Paramyxovirus-like nuclear inclusions identical to those of Paget's disease of bone detected in giant cells of primary oxalosis / Bianco, Paolo; Silvestrini, G; Ballanti, P; Bonucci, E.. - In: VIRCHOWS ARCHIV. A, PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY AND HISTOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0174-7398. - 421(1992), pp. 427-433. [10.1007/BF01606916]