Methylation reactions linked to homocysteine in the one-carbon metabolism are increasingly elicited in Alzheimer's disease, although the association of hyperhomocysteinemia and of low B vitamin levels with the disease is still debated. We previously demonstrated that hyperhomocysteinemia and DNA hypomethylation induced by B vitamin deficiency are associated with PSEN1 and BACE1 overexpression and amyloid production. The present study is aimed at assessing S-adenosylmethionine effects in mice kept under a condition of B vitamin deficiency. To this end, TgCRND8 mice and wild-type littermates were assigned to control or B vitamin deficient diet, with or without S-adenosylmethionine supplementation. We found that S-adenosylmethionine reduced amyloid production, increased spatial memory in TgCRND8 mice and inhibited the upregulation of B vitamin deficiency-induced PSEN1 and BACE1 expression and Tau phosphorylation in TgCRND8 and wild-type mice. Furthermore, S-adenosylmethionine treatment reduced plaque spreading independently on B vitamin deficiency. These results strengthen our previous observations on the possible role of one-carbon metabolism in Alzheimer's disease, highlighting hyperhomocysteinemia-related mechanisms in dementia onset/progression and encourage further studies aimed at evaluating the use of S-adenosylmethionine as a potential candidate drug for the treatment of the disease. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

S-adenosylmethionine reduces the progress of the Alzheimer-like features induced by B-vitamin deficiency in mice / Fuso, Andrea; Nicolia, Vincenzina; Laura, Ricceri; Cavallaro, ROSARIA ADELE; Elisa, Isopi; Mangia, Franco; Fiorenza, Maria Teresa; Scarpa, Sigfrido. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING. - ISSN 0197-4580. - ELETTRONICO. - 33:7(2012), pp. 1482.e1-1482.e16. [10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.12.013]

S-adenosylmethionine reduces the progress of the Alzheimer-like features induced by B-vitamin deficiency in mice

FUSO, ANDREA;NICOLIA, Vincenzina;CAVALLARO, ROSARIA ADELE;MANGIA, Franco;FIORENZA, Maria Teresa;SCARPA, Sigfrido
2012

Abstract

Methylation reactions linked to homocysteine in the one-carbon metabolism are increasingly elicited in Alzheimer's disease, although the association of hyperhomocysteinemia and of low B vitamin levels with the disease is still debated. We previously demonstrated that hyperhomocysteinemia and DNA hypomethylation induced by B vitamin deficiency are associated with PSEN1 and BACE1 overexpression and amyloid production. The present study is aimed at assessing S-adenosylmethionine effects in mice kept under a condition of B vitamin deficiency. To this end, TgCRND8 mice and wild-type littermates were assigned to control or B vitamin deficient diet, with or without S-adenosylmethionine supplementation. We found that S-adenosylmethionine reduced amyloid production, increased spatial memory in TgCRND8 mice and inhibited the upregulation of B vitamin deficiency-induced PSEN1 and BACE1 expression and Tau phosphorylation in TgCRND8 and wild-type mice. Furthermore, S-adenosylmethionine treatment reduced plaque spreading independently on B vitamin deficiency. These results strengthen our previous observations on the possible role of one-carbon metabolism in Alzheimer's disease, highlighting hyperhomocysteinemia-related mechanisms in dementia onset/progression and encourage further studies aimed at evaluating the use of S-adenosylmethionine as a potential candidate drug for the treatment of the disease. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2012
s-adenosylmethionine; alzheimer’s disease; b vitamins; alzheimer's disease; alzheimer's treatment; homocysteine; one-carbon metabolism
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
S-adenosylmethionine reduces the progress of the Alzheimer-like features induced by B-vitamin deficiency in mice / Fuso, Andrea; Nicolia, Vincenzina; Laura, Ricceri; Cavallaro, ROSARIA ADELE; Elisa, Isopi; Mangia, Franco; Fiorenza, Maria Teresa; Scarpa, Sigfrido. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING. - ISSN 0197-4580. - ELETTRONICO. - 33:7(2012), pp. 1482.e1-1482.e16. [10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2011.12.013]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/437476
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 43
  • Scopus 110
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 97
social impact