BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been increasingly employed to treat unprotected left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis, with variable success. This strategy has been applied to patients undergoing drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for unprotected LMCA stenosis. METHODS: From April 2003 to June 2006, 114 consecutive patients with de novo unprotected LMCA stenosis underwent PCI with DES, and were followed over a mean period of 17.1 ± 9.1 months. The primary endpoint of the study was the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (cardiac death, myocardial infarction [MI] or target lesion revascularization [TLR]). RESULTS: LMCA stenting was successfully performed in all patients. In-hospital mortality was 3.5%, with no in-hospital non-fatal MI or emergency coronary artery bypass grafts. During the follow-up period, the all-cause mortality rate was 7.9%, with 3.5% cardiac-related deaths. TLR was performed in 7.9% of patients, and the MACE rate was 14.9%. All non-surviving patients were at high surgical risk (EuroSCORE > 6) and had a significantly higher EuroSCORE than surviving patients that patients with a EuroSCORE ≤ 11 had significantly improved survival rates over those with a EuroSCORE > 11 (p < 0.0001). Moreover, most of the patients who died of cardiac causes were diabetic (71.4% vs. 26.6%; p < 0.05). Acute coronary syndromes, as clinical presentation, and non-ostial LMCA disease were also significantly more common within non-surviving patients (100% vs. 67%; p < 0.05, and 92.3% vs. 66.3%; p ≤ 0.05, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Stenting of unprotected LMCA appears to be associated with a favorable mid-term outlook, especially in selected patients.
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|Titolo:||Outlook of drug-eluting stent implantation for unprotected left main disease: Insights on long-term clinical predictors|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|