Background: C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is considered a predictive factor for cardiovascular events and its serum levels have been shown to correlate with thin cap coronary plaques in sudden coronary death. Whether serum CRP levels are associated with in vivo atherothrombotic features is unclear. We thus analysed samples from coronary atherectomy specimens obtained during percutaneous coronary intervention. Materials and methods: Patients with coronary artery disease undergoing directional atherectomy, distinguished by unstable versus stable coronary syndrome diagnosis, provided coronary specimens from culprit lesions. Assessment was conducted by means of conventional histology, morphometry and immunohistochemistry. Specific antibodies against erythrocyte-specific protein glycophorin A, endothelial and macrophage antigens were also used. Results: There were 51 patients with unstable coronary disease and 47 patients with stable angina. Serum CRP levels ≥ 1 mg L-1 were detected in 24/98 patients, and were significantly associated with hypercellularity, macrophage infiltrates, neoangiogenesis and intraplaque haemorrhage (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, coronary plaques from patients with unstable angina contained larger atheromas, more hypercellular plaques, with abundant macrophages, neoangiogenesis and intraplaque haemorrhages and lesser fibrous tissue (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: We observed a positive correlation between increased serum CRP levels and typical pathological features of complex atherothrombotic coronary disease, confirming in vivo the mechanistic role of CRP in coronary atherothrombosis. © 2008 The Authors.
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|Titolo:||C-reactive protein and coronary composition in patients with percutaneous revascularization|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|