Background: Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) is known to play a crucial role in the differentiation of endothelial progenitors. The role of HDAC3 in mature endothelial cells, however, is not well understood. Here, we investigated the function of HDAC3 in preserving endothelial integrity in areas of disturbed blood flow, ie, bifurcation areas prone to atherosclerosis development. Methods and Results: En face staining of aortas from apolipoprotein E-knockout mice revealed increased expression of HDAC3, specifically in these branching areas in vivo, whereas rapid upregulation of HDAC3 protein was observed in endothelial cells exposed to disturbed flow in vitro. Interestingly, phosphorylation of HDAC3 at serine/threonine was observed in these cells, suggesting that disturbed flow leads to posttranscriptional modification and stabilization of the HDAC3 protein. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments showed that HDAC3 and Akt form a complex. Using a series of constructs harboring deletions, we found residues 136 to 206 of HDAC3 to be crucial in this interaction. Enforced expression of HDAC3 resulted in increased phosphorylation of Akt and upregulation of its kinase activity. In line with these findings, knockdown of HDAC3 with lentiviral vectors (shHDAC3) led to a dramatic decrease in cell survival accompanied by apoptosis in endothelial cells. In aortic isografts of apolipoprotein E-knockout mice treated with shHDAC3, a robust atherosclerotic lesion was formed. Surprisingly, 3 of the 8 mice that received shHDAC3-infected grafts died within 2 days after the operation. Miller staining of the isografts revealed disruption of the basement membrane and rupture of the vessel. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrated that HDAC3 serves as an essential prosurvival molecule with a critical role in maintaining the endothelial integrity via Akt activation and that severe atherosclerosis and vessel rupture in isografted vessels of apolipoprotein E-knockout mice occur when HDAC3 is knocked down. © 2010 American Heart Association. All rights reserved.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Histone deacetylase 3 is critical in endothelial survival and atherosclerosis development in response to disturbed flow|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|