Implicit ablation and thermal response software was developed to analyse and size charring ablative thermal protection systems for entry vehicles. A statistical monitor integrated into the tool, which uses the Monte Carlo technique, allows a simulation to run over stochastic series. This performs an uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, which estimates the probability of maintaining the temperature of the underlying material within specified requirements. This approach and the associated software are primarily helpful during the preliminary design phases of spacecraft thermal protection systems. They are proposed as an alternative to traditional approaches, such as the Root-Sum-Square method. The developed tool was verified by comparing the results with those from previous work on thermal protection system probabilistic sizing methodologies. which are based on an industry standard high-fidelity ablation and thermal response program. New case studies were analysed to establish thickness margins on sizing heat shields that are currently proposed for vehicles using rigid aeroshells for future aerocapture missions at Neptune, and identifying the major sources of uncertainty in the material response. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
A probabilistic sizing tool and Monte Carlo analysis for entry vehicle ablative thermal protection systems / Antonio, Mazzaracchio; Marchetti, Mario. - In: ACTA ASTRONAUTICA. - ISSN 0094-5765. - STAMPA. - 66:5-6(2010), pp. 821-835. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 59th International Astronautical Congress tenutosi a Glasgow, SCOTLAND nel SEP 29-OCT 03, 2008 [10.1016/j.actaastro.2009.08.033].