Interleukin (IL)-18 is highly expressed in macrophages from human atherosclerotic plaques, suggesting its involvement in ischemic syndromes. We evaluated IL-18 and IL-18 binding protein (BP) in healthy centenarians, as longevity is characterized by a reduced incidence of ischemic events. For comparison, patients with chronic ischemic syndromes (CIS) were evaluated. Serum IL-18 and IL-18BP levels were measured by non-cross-reacting ELISA in 16 healthy centenarians and in two age-control populations, each of 18 healthy individuals aged 55.9 +/- 1.43 and 74.3 +/- 1.35, respectively, as well as in 23 CIS patients, and another cohort of 23 healthy subjects that were age- and sex-matched with CIS patients. Centenarians displayed significantly higher total IL-18 serum levels compared to each control group. Elevated IL-18 levels were also present in CIS patients. However, centenarians had a significant higher level of IL-18BP compared to the cohort of 23 controls (P = 0.0014), and compared to CIS patients (P = 0.043); as a result centenarians exhibited a lower level of free IL-18 than CIS patients. The present results indicate that quenching of IL-18 by IL-18BP may explain the apparent paradox of elevated serum IL-18 with no vascular signs in centenarians. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Increased circulating Interleukin-18 levels in centenarians with no signs of vascular disease: another paradox of longevity?|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|