Even if the relationship between condylar position and/or temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and dentofacial deformity is controversial in literature, several patients presenting malocclusion refer to pain and TMDs as the main trouble. There are also various opinions concerning the alterations or improvements of temporomandibular joint symptoms after orthognathic surgery. In agreement with the experience of Universitat Wurzburg, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of splint technique to reproduce centric condyle positioning in bimaxillary osteotomy surgeries for the patients with skeletal-facial disorders and coexisting TMDs. The present study is based on a sample of patients with maxillomandibular malocclusion and coexisting TMDs who underwent bimaxillary osteotomy surgeries with splint technique. All patients underwent a protocol consisting of various steps: Pretreatment evaluation consisted of a questionnaire on subjective symptoms, clinical examinations, photographs of the occlusion, plaster casts, bite registrations, examination of the posture; instrumental examinations; panoramic, teleradiography, and cephalometric analysis; stratigraphy of TMD; and electromyography. Presurgical treatment consisted of therapy by modified Farrar splint associated with a pharmacologic therapy for the acute symptoms; orthodontic treatment associated with a global reeducation of the posture and a pompage of the masticatory muscles; and manufacturing of an occlusal splint in the most posterior asymptomatic position. Surgical treatment consisted of bimaxillary osteotomies performed after registering condyle position by a "repositioning" plate. The condyle position is guided by the intermaxillary fixation with the interposition of the occlusal splint. Surgery on maxillary is performed through Le Fort I osteotomy and fixation. Later, sagittal splint osteotomy of mandible is performed. Position of ramus and TMD complex is guided by the positioning of the plates modeled previously and fixed to maxillary and ramus in the same relationship registered with the splint. Finally, fixation of mandibular osteotomies is performed. Postsurgically patients underwent orthodontic treatment (to stabilize occlusal and articular changes) and physical therapy. After the end of treatment, stability of results was investigated with clinical, radiologic, and electromyographic valuations. The authors' experience suggests that, as in orthognathic surgery; identification of a correct condyle-fossa relationship (achieved by splint and repositioning plate) is essential to guide osteosynthesis after sagittal split osteotomy in patients affected by TMDs and ultimately affects the stability of the procedure.
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|Titolo:||Temporomandibular Joint Disorders and Maxillomandibular Malformations: Role of Condylar "Repositionin" Plate|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|