Objective. The lower limbs are frequently involved in neurovascular compression syndromes, owing to their anatomical, vascular and muscular characteristics and to the orthostatic position. These syndromes were identified by exclusion, using neuroimaging techniques and treated by microsurgical techniques. Methods. Eight patients with a neurovascular compression syndrome due to venous vascular lesions in the lower limbs (popliteal fossa, proximal and medial third of the inferior limb, tarsal tunnel) were selected. The symptomatology was characterized by pain, Tinel's sign, hyperalgesia, allodynia, numbness along the nerve course and foot weakness: all were exacerbated by the standing position, thus suggesting a neurovascular compression syndrome. Diagnostic tools comprised Doppler ultrasonography, Electromyography, CT 3D and MRI. Treatment consisted of microsurgery with neurovascular dissection. Results. Following surgical treatment, rapid pain relief and a partial recovery of neurological deficits (including the ability to walk) was observed within 8-10 months. Conclusion. An early diagnosis of NCS using various neuroimaging techniques and prompt treatment may improve the response to surgical therapy. The aim of the case studies described is to improve understanding of these pathologies thus enabling correct clinical decisions.
Venous compressions of the nerves in the lower limbs / Artico, Marco; Stevanato, G.; Ionta, Brunella; Cesaroni, A.; Bianchi, Enrica; Morselli, C.; Grippaudo, Francesca Romana. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 0268-8697. - STAMPA. - 26:3(2012), pp. 386-391. [10.3109/02688697.2011.631616]
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|Titolo:||Venous compressions of the nerves in the lower limbs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Citazione:||Venous compressions of the nerves in the lower limbs / Artico, Marco; Stevanato, G.; Ionta, Brunella; Cesaroni, A.; Bianchi, Enrica; Morselli, C.; Grippaudo, Francesca Romana. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 0268-8697. - STAMPA. - 26:3(2012), pp. 386-391. [10.3109/02688697.2011.631616]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|