A model-based fuzzy-logic method for hydrometeor classification using C-band polarimetric radar data is presented and discussed. Membership functions of the fuzzy-logic algorithm are designed for best fitting simulated radar signatures at C-band. Such signatures are derived for ten supervised hydrometeor classes by means of a fully polarimetric radar scattering model. The Fuzzy-logic Radar Algorithm for Hydrometeor Classification at C-band (FRAHCC) is designed to use a relatively small set of polarimetric observables, i.e., copolar reflectivity and differential reflectivity, but a version of the algorithm based on the use of specific differential phase is also numerically tested and documented. The classification methodology is applied to volume data coming from a C-band two-radar network that is located in north Italy within the Po valley. Numerical and experimental results clearly show the improvements of hydrometeor classification, which were obtained by using FRAHCC with respect to the direct use of fuzzy-logic-based algorithms that are specifically tuned for S-band radar data. Moreover, the availability of two C-band rainfall observations of the same event allowed us to implement a path-integrated attenuation correction procedure, based on either a composite radar field approach or a network-constrained variational algorithm. The impact of these correction procedures on hydrometeor classification is qualitatively discussed within the considered case study.
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|Titolo:||Supervised fuzzy-logic classification of hydrometeors using C-band dual-polarized radars|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|