Fluctuations in motor performance are the major problems in chronic management of Parkinson's disease. Most of these fluctuations reflect the decline of levodopa availability. As a consequence, levodopa dosage might be increased and the interdose interval progressively shortened. The postsynaptic dopamine receptors at this point are exposed to a nonphysiologic shift in dopamine level, which may induce changes at the receptor site and contribute to the appearance of ''on-off'' phenomena and dyskinesias. We compared a group of 18 patients treated for 60 consecutive months with continuous subcutaneous lisuride infusion with a group of 20 patients treated with conventional oral levodopa treatment. The clinical evaluations performed during the study showed in the lisuride group only a worsening of dyskinesias, whereas the other symptoms remained unchanged. In the other group the evaluation scores showed a significant worsening of all long-term treatment complications. The slow-release preparations of levodopa may ensure a more continuous dopaminergic stimulation than standard formulations. However, the use of these compounds is difficult in severely fluctuating patients because the lack of a plasma peak level usually leads to a very long delay before patients turn ''on.'' We studied the pharmacokinetic and clinical effects of the two slow-release preparations of levodopa [Madopar HBS and Sinemet controlled-release (CR)] and a combination of Sinemet CR plus standard Sinemet in 13 fluctuating parkinsonian patients. The results of this study show that the combination of standard Sinemet and Sinemet CR ensures a more prolonged clinical effect with a very short latency to the ''on'' phase.
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|Titolo:||CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS OF SUSTAINED DOPAMINERGIC STIMULATION|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|