Using [F-18]setoperone and positron emission tomography (PET), alterations in serotonergic 5-HT2 receptor binding were studied in cerebral cortex of nine unmedicated patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and 37 healthy controls. The kinetics of unchanged radioligand in plasma and F-18-radioactivity in blood and brain were obtained for 90 min following tracer injection. The specific binding of [F-18]setoperone to 5-HT2 receptors in the cerebral cortex was quantitated by subtraction using cerebellum as reference. In controls, a significant reduction in specific binding was associated with age and similar linear regression slopes were obtained in all the cortical regions studied. No significant difference was observed between patients with Alzheimer's disease and age-matched controls in the injected mass of setoperone, percentage of unmetabolized [F-18]setoperone in plasma, F-18-radioactivity in blood fractions and cerebellar F-18-radioactivity concentration, indicating similar non-specific brain kinetics and metabolism of the radioligand. In contrast, there was a significant reduction in specific [F-18]setoperone binding in the cerebral cortex in patients with Alzheimer's disease relative to control values (temporal, 69%; frontal, 69%; parietal, 55%; temporo-parietal, 54%; occipital cortex, 35%). The results demonstrate that the loss in 5-HT2 receptor binding in the cerebral cortex of patients with Alzheimer's disease, long documented by post-mortem studies, can now be assessed in vivo using PET.
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|Titolo:||LOSS OF BRAIN 5-HT(2) RECEPTORS IN ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE - IN-VIVO ASSESSMENT WITH POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY AND [F-18] SETOPERONE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|