An INFN-LNF/UCLA/SAPIENZA collaboration is developing a hybrid photoinjector in X-band. A hybrid photoinjector is a novel high brightness electron source that couples a standing wave cell cavity (acting as an RF gun) directly to a multi-cell travelling-wave structure. This configuration offers a number of advantages over the split standing wave/travelling-wave system. Most notably the reflected RF transient is almost completely suppressed, thus eliminating the need for a circulator and the bunch lengthening effect that occurs in the drift section of the split system. These properties allow scaling of the device to higher field and frequencies, which should dramatically improve beam brightness. The RF coupling between the standing and the traveling wave sections is accomplished in the fourth cell encountered by the beam, with the SW section electrically coupled to it on-axis. This mode of coupling is particularly advantageous, as it is accompanied by a 900 phase shift in the accelerating field, resulting in strong velocity bunching effects on the beam that reverse the usual bunch lengthening induced after the gun exit in standard 1.6 cell photoinjectors. In this scenario, from the beam dynamics point of view, it is seen that device may produce ten's of femtosecond beams at similar to 3.5 MeV and the emittance compensation dynamics remains manageable even in the presence of strong compression. We present here a survey of the device characteristics. In particular we show the results of the electromagnetic simulations, a beam dynamics analysis related to the temperature tuning of the SW and TW section, and a RF characterization using bead pull and scattering coefficient measurements of a device prototype. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Titolo:||RF properties of a X-band hybrid photoinjector|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|