We prospectively tested, at diagnosis in essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients with no clear indication to platelet (PLT)-lowering treatment, a scoring system based on age, PLT level, cardiovascular diseases, previous thrombotic events, smoking and dysmetabolic diseases. From 04/92 to 03/98, 168 consecutive patients were enrolled. Hydroxyurea (HU) was started at diagnosis in 32 "symptomatic" patients and in 33 patients aged > 70 years. The remaining 103 patients ("asymptomatic" and aged < 70 years) were classified according to our scoring system. Thirty-two patients with score a parts per thousand yen4 started HU early after diagnosis. The remaining 71 patients with score < 4 at diagnosis received anti-aggregating agents only; of them, 24 (33.8%) started HU during follow-up after a median time from diagnosis of 28 months, while 47 (66.2%) did not start any PLT-lowering treatment. Thrombotic complications occurred in 9/103 patients (8.7%); in particular, they occurred in 4/32 patients (12.5%) with score a parts per thousand yen4 receiving HU since diagnosis and in 5/71 (7%) with score < 4 under anti-aggregating agents only. This scoring system appears effective to discriminate a different risk of thrombotic events, and could be useful to decide when a PLT-lowering therapy needs to be started.
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|Titolo:||Decisional flow with a scoring system to start platelet-lowering treatment in patients with essential thrombocythemia: long-term results|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|