A subpopulation of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is present in human plasma that contains lipid hydroperoxides and is more negatively charged (LDL(-)) than normal native LDL. By circular dichroism and tryptophan lifetime measurements we found that apoB-100 secondary structure is markedly decreased and its conformation is severely altered in LDL(-). The low tryptophan fluorescence intensity confirms the oxidative degradation of the lipoprotein, and the very long lifetime value of one of its decay components indicates a low polarity environment for the remaining unbleached residues. Either a peculiar folding or, most likely, a sinking of the apoB-100 into the lipid core can account for the observed long lifetime component. Oxidation in vitro produces a similar unfolding of the apolipoprotein but the lifetime of tryptophan fluorescence is shifted to lower values, indicating that the denatured apoprotein remains at the hydrophilic surface of the lipoprotein particle. A disordering and an increased polarity of the LDL(-) surface lipids was demonstrated by measuring the generalized polarization of 2-dimethylamino-6-lauroylnaphthalene (Laurdan). The looser monolayer packing apparently favors the new conformation of apoB-100 and its sinking into a more hydrophobic environment, possibly accounting for it reduced receptor binding properties.
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|Titolo:||Loss of apoB-100 secondary structure and conformation in hydroperoxide rich, electronegative LDL-|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|