Modifications are described in the cultured thyroid cell cAMP assay for TSH which make it suitable for the measurement of thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins. Comparison was made between this assay and two others measuring cAMP responsiveness in human thyroid tissue, namely the thyroid slice and thyroid plasma membrane adenylate cyclase assays, all performed with the same tissue sample. Of immunoglobulin G (IgG) samples from 7 unselected patients with untreated hyperthyroidism associated with Graves' disease, 5 produced significant stimulation of cAMP content in cultured thyroid cells when compared to pooled normal IgG. None of these 7 produced a statistically significant increase in thyroid slice cAMP content when assayed in triplicate, the same replicate number used in the cultured thyroid cell assay. Similarly, none of the same Graves' IgG samples produced significant stimulation (vs. control IgG) in the membrane adenylate cyclase assay, in which sensitivity to TSH stimulation was very poor. With a scaled-down modification of the assay using microtiter wells and acetylation to enhance detection of cAMP in the RIA, significant TSI activity was observed in 15 of 18 (83%) IgG samples from patients with untreated Graves' disease. The data indicate the excellent sensitivity and precision of the thyroid cell cAMP assay, as well as its convenience.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin bioassay using cultured human thyroid cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1981|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|