Studies were conducted to define more clearly the site in the thyroid adenylate cyclase complex at which iodine exerts its inhibitory effect on activation of this enzyme by TSH. Iodine- and TSH-induced desensitization were additive. Dissociation was observed between the rates of recovery from TSH- and iodine-induced desensitization. Cycloheximide (10-4 M) prevented recovery from the inhibitory effect of iodine on thyroid adenylate cyclase activation. Preincubation of freshly isolated dog thyroid follicles in 10-4 M iodide decreased the subsequent cAMP response to cholera toxin (0.5 μg/ml) stimulation. This effect of iodide was prevented by 3 mM methimazole. Thyroid adenylate cyclase regulatory protein (Ns) activity was assessed by the ability of detergent extracts of thyroid plasma membranes to reconstitute adenylate cyclase responsiveness to isoproterenol in N-deficient S49 cyc- plasma membranes. Thyroid Ns activities were similar in control and iodide-pretreated thyroid cells. The inhibitory effect of iodine on TSH activation of thyroid cAMP generation was additive to that of inhibition via the α2-adrenergic pathway and also additive to inhibition by 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine (an adenosine P-site agonist). Preincubation of freshly dispersed dog thyroid cells in 10-4 M NaI reduced the cAMP response to stimulation by 100 μM forskolin. These data provide evidence that in iodine-induced TSH desensitization in the thyroid; 1) TSH receptor function is normal, 2) the regulatory protein (Ns) in the adenylate cyclase stimulatory pathway is functionally unaltered, 3) iodine does not exert its effect via the regulatory protein (Ni) in the pathway that inhibits adenylate cyclase activation, 4) iodine does not act via the adenosine P-site inhibitory pathway, 5) the action of iodine is at or near the adenylate cyclase catalytic unit, and 6) new protein synthesis is necessary for recovery from iodine desensitization.
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|Titolo:||Evidence that organic iodine attenuates the adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate response to thyrotropin stimulation in thyroid tissue by an action at or near the adenylate cyclase catalytic unit|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1983|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|