Introduction Hybrid technology is seen by many as a potential solution to reduce vehicle emissions in cities. However type approval tests of hybrid vehicles measure emission levels comparable to those of conventional cars in the same market segment. It has been argued that type approval tests do not represent the reality of emission in cities therefore, to quantify the real emission of hybrids and to compare them with those of conventional vehicles in the same conditions, an emission measurement campaign was organised. Acquisition campaign Three Honda cars, one conventional (the Civic 2.0) and two hybrids (the Civic IMA and the Civic Hybrid), equipped to collect emissions as well as the engine and vehicle working parameters were driven three times by twenty drivers on the same urban route. Drivers were asked to drive normally and not requested to do anything special but to scrupulously follow the given itinerary. Results Two main results were obtained: average and maximum emission levels for the three cars are quantified; the effects of the drivers on such levels assessed. The conventional car (with two people and 250 kg of measurement tools onboard) consumes an average of 12.6 l/100 km, its CO2 emissions range between 200 g/km and 300 g/km with an average of 260 g/km. CO emissions range between 0.25 g/km and 6.25 g/km (Euro IV limit is 1 g/km) with an average of 2 g/km. The most recent of the two tested hybrids consume in average 8.23 l/100 km and emits between 150 and 230 g/km of CO2 with an average of about 180 g/km; it emits virtually no CO in the majority of cases but can reach up to 1.8 g/km and average CO emissions are about 0.2 g/km. The hybrid performs always better than the conventional; in terms of CO2 and consumption it can have up to a 30% reduction and in terms of CO up to 90% reduction. Conclusions The wideness of the measured ranges depends mostly on the drivers. Women tend to consume and emit less than men. The reason for this is the different way they use the accelerator pedal; they push it less and keep it steadier. In other word the standard deviation of the accelerator position (or throttle) is lower. It is here shown how a correlation exist between the throttle standard deviation and the emissions which justify using such parameter as the indicator of drive-style.
Drive-style emission testing on the latest two Honda hybrid technologies / Alessandrini, Adriano; Orecchini, Fabio; Ortenzi, Fernando; VILLATICO CAMPBELL, Federico. - In: EUROPEAN TRANSPORT RESEARCH REVIEW. - ISSN 1867-0717. - 1:2(2009), pp. 57-66.
|Titolo:||Drive-style emission testing on the latest two Honda hybrid technologies|
ALESSANDRINI, Adriano (Corresponding author)
ORTENZI, FERNANDO (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Citazione:||Drive-style emission testing on the latest two Honda hybrid technologies / Alessandrini, Adriano; Orecchini, Fabio; Ortenzi, Fernando; VILLATICO CAMPBELL, Federico. - In: EUROPEAN TRANSPORT RESEARCH REVIEW. - ISSN 1867-0717. - 1:2(2009), pp. 57-66.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|