Fifty-six subjects (46 females and 10 males) with signs of Sjogren's Syndrome (SS) have been evaluated for clinical and serological parameters. In 12 subjects such clinical signs were associated with a definite connective tissue disease (secondary SS): Rheumatoid Arthritis (2 cases), Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (4 cases), Progressive Systemic Sclerosis (4 cases), Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia (2 cases). All patients underwent a lip biopsy which was evaluated according to the Chisholm-Mason scale. Six out of 56 subjects (10.7%) had a normal salivary gland with few lymphocytes (class I); 5 (10%) had a scattered lymphoid infiltrate containing < 1 focus/4 mm2 (class II); 36 (64.3%) had one focus/4 mm2 (class III) and, finally, 9 (16%) had more than 1 focus/4 mm2 (class IV). The great majority (91%) of the patients had some abnormalities at the ophthalmological examination (Schirmer test, Break up times, van Bijsterveld score): even those with a class I lip biopsy. Xerostomia was present in 69% of the patients, xerophtalmia in 78%, arthralgias in 78%, parotid swelling in 19%, Raynaud's phenomenon in 16%, recurrent abortion in 9 patients. The prevalence of autoantibodies in the group of primary SS was high: ANA 43.2%, anti-Ha 40%, anti-Ro 12%, anti-phospholipids 52.5%, rheumatoid factor (RF) 45,7%. A decrease of lysozime concentration in tears and saliva has been demonstrated and a correlation between level of lysozyme and lip-biopsy has been observed. The finding of several immunological abnormalities in the sera of primary SS confirms that this form is autoimmune in nature; a statistical analysis pointed out a significant correlation between hyper-IgA and xerostomia, class IV lip biopsy and Raynaud's phenomenon, RF and ANA. A negative lip biopsy doesn't seem to exclude the diagnosis of SS.
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|Titolo:||CLINICAL SEROLOGICAL CORRELATIONS IN THE EVALUATION OF SJOGRENS SYNDROME|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|