Forty-four anti-HIV seropositive pregnant women were enrolled in a study of maternal factors related to mother-to-infant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission. HIV-1 infection was documented in 11 of 45 infants (24.4%). Obstetric factors, maternal CD4 counts, and disease stage were not related to the risk of transmission. HIV-1 RNA levels at delivery were significantly higher in mothers who transmitted the infection (P = .024). A strong relationship between viral load and risk of transmission was observed in women with stage A1 (P= .006), but not in those with stages A2-A3. These results suggest that vertical transmission of HIV-1 is multifactorial and that viral load plays a major role in mothers with early-stage HIV-1 infection.
Scheda prodotto non validato
Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo
|Titolo:||Influence of maternal CD4 levels on the predictive value of virus load over mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Study Group for Vertical Transmission.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|