Exposure of MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells to estradiol results in an increase in transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) synthesis and secretion. Since TGF-alpha is a potent inducer of proliferation in MCF-7 cells, the increase in TGF-alpha production by estradiol is thought to play an important role in the estrogen stimulation of growth of these cells. Retinoic acid inhibits the proliferation of MCF-7 cells and antagonizes the estrogen stimulation of growth. Addition of retinoic acid resulted in a greater than 70% inhibition of estradiol-induced TGF-alpha synthesis and secretion in MCF-7 cells. The increase in TGF-alpha mRNA expression by estradiol was also inhibited by exposure of the cells to retinoic acid. Pretreatment of the cells with retinoic acid for 24 or 72 h caused more than 50 and 90% inhibition, respectively, of the estradiol-enhanced expression of TGF-alpha mRNA. Expression of pS2 mRNA in MCF-7 cells was stimulated approximately 8-fold by estradiol. Retinoic acid treatment suppressed by greater than 80% both the basal and estradiol-induced pS2 mRNA expression. Retinoic acid modulation of the estrogen receptor gene mRNA was not responsible for the retinoic acid inhibition of the stimulation of pS2 and TGF-alpha gene expression by estradiol, since estrogen receptor gene expression was increased rather than decreased in the presence of retinoic acid. The nuclear retinoic acid receptors alpha and gamma mRNA were expressed in MCF-7 cells and its retinoic acid-resistant derivative RROI. Addition of estradiol to MCF-7 cells resulted in a decreased expression of retinoic acid receptor gamma mRNA; this reduction is prevented by the presence of retinoic acid. These results indicate that retinoic acid can inhibit estradiol-induced TGF-alpha and pS2 mRNA expression in MCF-7 cells. The suppression of TGF-alpha expression may represent one possible mechanism by which retinoic acid antagonizes the stimulation of MCF-7 proliferation by estradiol.
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|Titolo:||Retinoid antagonism of estrogen-responsive transforming growth factor alpha and pS2 gene expression in breast carcinoma cells.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|