This paper assesses dam releases from hydropower reservoirs in order to optimize power production and fish habitat protection. A multi-objective programming model includes output from 2-D hydraulic simulation for habitat assessment to optimize power production and fish habitat suitability as a Pareto set. To identify the optimal Pareto set two different approaches are used and compared: epsilon-constraint methods and non-dominant-sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA II). To formulate the ecological objective the river habitat quality is quantified by the weighted usable area (WUA). The relation between the WUA and the river flow-rate is obtained by using a 2D hydraulic model in which the hydraulic characteristics of river current - depth and velocity - are calculated by a finite difference numerical integration of two-dimensional shallow water equations on a boundary fitted non orthogonal curvilinear mesh. This approach allows the integration of motion equations on geometrically complex domains as those representing the morphology of natural watercourses. The performance of the proposed methodology is analyzed in a case study of a stretch of the Piave river downstream of the dam of the Pieve di Cadore reservoir (Belluno, Italy). (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Multi-objective analysis of dam release flows in rivers downstream from hydropower reservoirs|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|