Four diploid and three phylogenetically tetraploid Cyprinidae (Ostariophysi) have been characterized as for nuclear DNA content, modal chromosome number and DNA reassociation kinetics (hydroxyapatite chromatography). Among the diploid species nuclear DNA content (10−12 g DNA/2C) was 1.62 for Tinca tinca, 1.87 for Scardinius erythrophthalmus, 2.53 for Leuciscus cephalus and 2.75 for Alburnus alburnus, while the phylogenetically tetraploid species Carassius auratus, Barbus barbus and Cyprinus carpio attained 3.40,3.66 and 3.80 respectively. Modal chromosome number was 2n = 48–50 for diploid individuals and 2n = 100–104 for phylogenetically tetraploid ones. In all the species 5–8% of the genome is represented by highly repetitive and foldback DNA. In DNA reassociation kinetics of phylogenetically tetraploid Cyprinidae a distinct plateau separates an intermediate reassociating sequence fraction (about 22% of the genome; with average repetition frequencies between 1,000 and 1,400) from a slow reassociating one (unique DNA; about 72% of the genome). These two genome fractions are not clearly distinguishable from each other in Cot curves of the diploid Cyprinidae, where a similar plateau is not evident. Since simple ploidy changes are not expected to affect DNA reassociation kinetics we suggest a different evolution in the genome organization of the two ploidy groups. Some possible hypotheses are discussed.
DNA reassociation kinetics in diploid and phylogenetically tetraploid cyprinidae / Mauro, Maria Luisa; Gioacchino, Micheli. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-104X. - STAMPA. - 208(1979), pp. 407-415.
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|Titolo:||DNA reassociation kinetics in diploid and phylogenetically tetraploid cyprinidae|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1979|
|Citazione:||DNA reassociation kinetics in diploid and phylogenetically tetraploid cyprinidae / Mauro, Maria Luisa; Gioacchino, Micheli. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-104X. - STAMPA. - 208(1979), pp. 407-415.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|