Objectives: Increases of homocysteine (Hcy) by fenofibrate correlated inversely to changes in HDL-C and apoA-I in the FIELD study. This finding raised the question whether high Hcy may influence HDL function and counteract benefits of fenofibrate on cardiovascular outcomes. In a subset of the FIELD study we investigated whether fenofibrate therapy or high Hcy, separately or in concert, modulate: (1) ability of plasma or HDL to facilitate cholesterol efflux from THP-1 foam cells; (2) plasma potential to generate pre beta-HDL; (3) plasma phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) activity, serum PON-1 mass and activity, HDL particle size and distribution. Methods: We selected 33 subjects in the FIELD fenofibrate arm according to quartiles of Hcy at 5th year: 17 subjects were in the lowest (Low Hcy group) and 16 subjects were in the highest quartile (High Hcy group). In addition, 14 subjects allocated to placebo were matched by close-out Hcy levels to Low Hcy group. This design allowed us to examine the effects of both fenofibrate (comparison between placebo vs Low Hcy groups) and Hcy (comparison between close-out Low and High Hcy groups) on plasma and HDL ability to facilitate cellular cholesterol removal in the efflux assay in vitro using THP-1 foam cells. Results: Hcy levels were 13.3 +/- 0.7 mu mol/L (placebo), 13.2 +/- 2 mu mol/L (Low Hcy) and 27.4 +/- 6.5 mu mol/L (High Hcy). Cholesterol efflux values to HDL and plasma, percentage of plasma pre beta-HDL, PLTP activity, serum PON-1 mass and HDL particle size and distribution were similar in both fenofibrate groups and comparable to those of the placebo group. Conclusions: In the present study cohort fenofibrate and high Hcy levels did not modulate HDL and plasma functions in the first step of reverse cholesterol transport, cholesterol efflux from foam cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Macrophage cholesterol efflux to plasma and HDL in subjects with low and high homocysteine levels: A FIELD substudy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|