Due to its structural similarity with sphingosine, fumonisin B, (FBI) inhibits ceramide synthase (a key enzyme of sphingolipid biosynthesis) leading to an intracellular accumulation of sphingoid bases with a consequent increase of sphinganine/sphingosine (SA/SO) ratio. In adult male rats, dietary exposure to fumonisin induces a significant increase in both SA concentrations and SA/SO ratio in kidney, but not in liver and brain, as well as a significant reduction of body weight gain. Regarding the brain, the developing rat is more sensitive to FB1 than the adult rat. FB1 treatment produces in the forebrain and brainstem: (i) an increase in SA levels and SA/SO ratio, (ii) a reduction in myelin deposition, and (iii) an impairment of 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphohydrolase (CNP) activity. FBI effects on myelin are similar to those produced. by starvation (temporary removal of pups from dam during postnatal period), thus suggesting that hypomyelination could be due, at least partly, to a nutritional deficiency. Finally, FBI reduces the uptake of folate in different cell lines. The resulting folate deficiency could explain the association of FBI exposure with neural tube defects. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Antinutritional effects of fumonisin B1 and pathophysiological consequences / CARRATU' M., R; Cassano, T; Coluccia, A; Borracci, P; Cuomo, Vincenzo. - In: TOXICOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 0378-4274. - STAMPA. - 140(2003), pp. 459-463. [10.1016/S0378-4274(03)00042-0]
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|Titolo:||Antinutritional effects of fumonisin B1 and pathophysiological consequences|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Citazione:||Antinutritional effects of fumonisin B1 and pathophysiological consequences / CARRATU' M., R; Cassano, T; Coluccia, A; Borracci, P; Cuomo, Vincenzo. - In: TOXICOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 0378-4274. - STAMPA. - 140(2003), pp. 459-463. [10.1016/S0378-4274(03)00042-0]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|