In the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) Collaborative Study on Neurobehavioral Screening Methods, eight participating laboratories used a standard battery of behavioral tests to determine, in rats, the effects of seven representative chemicals following acute and repeated dosing. The results of the collaborative study indicate good agreement across laboratories with regard to the data collected in vehicle controls. It was clear, however, that some behavioral measures had significantly more variability than other tests. The laboratories also demonstrated the ability to detect known neurotoxic chemicals and identify profiles of effects that differed from non-neurotoxic agents. The results of the study suggest that appropriate training of personnel is crucial to ensure the reliability of the test battery. The results also underscore the importance of dose selection in behavioral screening studies, since it is sometimes difficult to determine the specificity of behavioral changes in animals receiving high doses of some chemicals. The collaborative study also emphasizes the need to utilize a battery of tests in screening a wide range of potential neurotoxic agents. Analysis of data from such studies poses unique challenges due to the large number of tests and test times, and the consequent possibility of false positives. Some statistical concerns may De alleviated by grouping the results from tests that measure similar functions into neurobiological domains. Although this approach improves confidence in the biological relevance of chemical-induced changes in behavior, it may also lead to false negatives. The exploration of other statistical approaches to analyze data from experiments using a test battery is encouraged. Nevertheless, results of the collaborative study strongly support the use of behavioral tests in hazard identification. (C) 1997 Intox Press, Inc.
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|Titolo:||The IPCS collaborative study on neurobehavioral screening methods: I. Background and genesis – VII. Summary and conclusions|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Citazione:||The IPCS collaborative study on neurobehavioral screening methods: I. Background and genesis – VII. Summary and conclusions / TILSON H., A; MACPHAIL R., C; MOSER V., C; BECKING G., C; Cuomo, Vincenzo; Frantik, E; KULIG B., M; Winneke, G.. - In: NEUROTOXICOLOGY. - ISSN 0161-813X. - STAMPA. - 18(4)(1997), pp. 1065-1069.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|