Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) is involved in the maintenance of genomic methylation patterns through its control of DNA methyltranferase 1 (Dnmt1) activity. Our previous findings indicated that the CCCTC binding factor/Ctcf may be an important player in key events whereby PARylation controls the unmethylated status of some CpG-rich regions. Ctcf is able to activate Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (Parp1) which ADP-ribosylates itself and, in turn, inhibits DNA methylation via non-covalent interaction between its ADP-ribose polymers and Dnmt1. By such a mechanism, Ctcf may preserve the epigenetic pattern at promoters of important housekeeping genes. Data here reported evidence Dnmt1 as a new protein partner of Ctcf. Moreover, we show that Ctcf forms a complex with Dnmt1 and PARylated Parp1 at specific Ctcf target sequences and that PARylation is responsible for the maintenance of the unmethylated status of some Ctcf-bound CpGs. We suggest a mechanism by which Parp1, tethered and activated at specific DNA target sites by Ctcf, preserves their methylation-free status.

ADP-ribose polymers localized on Ctcf-Parp1-Dnmt1 complex prevent methylation of Ctcf target sites / Zampieri, Michele; Guastafierro, Tiziana; Calabrese, Roberta; Ciccarone, Fabio; Bacalini, MARIA GIULIA; Reale, Anna; M., Perilli; C., Passananti; Caiafa, Paola. - In: BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 1470-8728. - STAMPA. - 441:(2012), pp. 645-652. [10.1042/BJ20111417]

ADP-ribose polymers localized on Ctcf-Parp1-Dnmt1 complex prevent methylation of Ctcf target sites

ZAMPIERI, Michele
Primo
;
GUASTAFIERRO, Tiziana;CALABRESE, ROBERTA;CICCARONE, FABIO;BACALINI, MARIA GIULIA;REALE, Anna;CAIAFA, Paola
2012

Abstract

Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) is involved in the maintenance of genomic methylation patterns through its control of DNA methyltranferase 1 (Dnmt1) activity. Our previous findings indicated that the CCCTC binding factor/Ctcf may be an important player in key events whereby PARylation controls the unmethylated status of some CpG-rich regions. Ctcf is able to activate Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (Parp1) which ADP-ribosylates itself and, in turn, inhibits DNA methylation via non-covalent interaction between its ADP-ribose polymers and Dnmt1. By such a mechanism, Ctcf may preserve the epigenetic pattern at promoters of important housekeeping genes. Data here reported evidence Dnmt1 as a new protein partner of Ctcf. Moreover, we show that Ctcf forms a complex with Dnmt1 and PARylated Parp1 at specific Ctcf target sequences and that PARylation is responsible for the maintenance of the unmethylated status of some Ctcf-bound CpGs. We suggest a mechanism by which Parp1, tethered and activated at specific DNA target sites by Ctcf, preserves their methylation-free status.
2012
Epigenetics; DNA methylation; Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation; Ctcf; Parp1; Dnmt1
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
ADP-ribose polymers localized on Ctcf-Parp1-Dnmt1 complex prevent methylation of Ctcf target sites / Zampieri, Michele; Guastafierro, Tiziana; Calabrese, Roberta; Ciccarone, Fabio; Bacalini, MARIA GIULIA; Reale, Anna; M., Perilli; C., Passananti; Caiafa, Paola. - In: BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 1470-8728. - STAMPA. - 441:(2012), pp. 645-652. [10.1042/BJ20111417]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/404826
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