Abstract - by Federica Dal Falco Subject: “Forms's evolution between material and immaterial”. Iade, Lisbon 6 march 2009 The lecture focus on how artefacts have formally and technologically changed and provides examples of their historical evolution. The influence of evolutive vision which emphasises the importance of traditions and legacies of the past, first emerged around 1860 in the disciplines that studied buildings, objects and settlements: architecture, design, ethnology and archaeology. Since then, the biological fundamentals and Darwin’s theories have been key to understanding both the durability and the morphologic, material and technological variability of artefacts. The lesson illustrates the evolution of a cross-section of several groups of emblematic artefacts representative of design, architecture and artistic research. The theory behind this idea is that the evolution of living beings (birth, growth, maturity and decadence) and that of an artefact are very similar. Groups of objects continually undergo slow or rapid transformations: as a result, archaic categories coexist with new emergent forms. The number of pieces in each group is first small, then swells only to later decrease and disappear. Based on this hypothesis, we will study several cases regarding the morphological and technological evolution of objects and certain kinds of decorations: a) the evolutive pattern of the chair and how over the centuries the variants that were introduced - influenced by technological innovation - continually changed the detailed design of its form yet never altered its functionality; b) the evolution of floral ornamental patterns, from Art Nouveau to the recent installations of video artists who redesign vegetal morphologies using computer programs and focus on the movement and virtual growth of plants. c) The evolution of the relationship between objects and the natural world. The power point (PPP) presentation will be accompanied by illustrations and pictures.
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