A nuclear technique based on the spontaneous decay of tritiated precursors that allows the generation of free carbonium ions of exactly the same nature in different environments, has been exploited in a comparative study of aromatic alkylation by CT3+ ions, both in the gas phase at various pressures and in the liquid phase. The differences between the reactivity pattern of the methyl cation in the two environments can be essentially reduced to the much greater efficiency of collisional stabilization in the condensed phase, allowing a larger fraction of the excited arenium ions, from the highly exoenergetic (ΔH° < 335 kJ mol–1) attack of the CT3+ ions on benzene and toluene, to survive dissociation and/or isomerization. The mechanism of the major competitive processes promoted by CT3+ attack on arenes, i.e. methylation, tritiodemethylation, and methyldemethylation are discussed, and the substrate and positional selectivity of the CT3+ ions from the decay of CT4 is compared with that of more conventional alkylating reagents.
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|Titolo:||Aromatic substitutions by methyl-3H3 decay ions. A comparative study of the gas and liquid phase attack on benzene and toluene|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1978|
|Citazione:||Aromatic substitutions by methyl-3H3 decay ions. A comparative study of the gas and liquid phase attack on benzene and toluene / Cacace, Fulvio; Giacomello, Pierluigi. - In: JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-PERKIN TRANSACTIONS II. - ISSN 0300-9580. - STAMPA. - :7(1978), pp. 652-658.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|