The goal of this paper is to propose a bio-inspired radio access mechanism for cognitive networks mimicking the behavior of a flock of birds swarming in search for food in a cohesive fashion without colliding with each other. The equivalence between swarming and radio resource allocation is established by modeling the interference distribution in the resource domain, e. g., frequency and time, as the spatial distribution of food, while the position of the single bird represents the radio resource chosen by each radio node. The swarming mechanism is enforced by letting every node allocate its resources (power/bits) in the time-frequency regions where the interference is minimum (the food density is maximum), avoiding collisions with other nodes (birds), yet limiting the spread in the time-frequency domain (i.e., maintaining the swarm cohesion). The solution is given as the distributed minimization of a functional, borrowed from social foraging swarming models, containing the average interference plus repulsion and attraction terms that help to avoid conflicts and maintain cohesiveness, respectively.

A bio-inspired swarming algorithm for decentralized access in cognitive radio / DI LORENZO, Paolo; Barbarossa, Sergio. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING. - ISSN 1053-587X. - 59:12(2011), pp. 6160-6174. [10.1109/tsp.2011.2166549]

A bio-inspired swarming algorithm for decentralized access in cognitive radio

DI LORENZO, PAOLO;BARBAROSSA, Sergio
2011

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to propose a bio-inspired radio access mechanism for cognitive networks mimicking the behavior of a flock of birds swarming in search for food in a cohesive fashion without colliding with each other. The equivalence between swarming and radio resource allocation is established by modeling the interference distribution in the resource domain, e. g., frequency and time, as the spatial distribution of food, while the position of the single bird represents the radio resource chosen by each radio node. The swarming mechanism is enforced by letting every node allocate its resources (power/bits) in the time-frequency regions where the interference is minimum (the food density is maximum), avoiding collisions with other nodes (birds), yet limiting the spread in the time-frequency domain (i.e., maintaining the swarm cohesion). The solution is given as the distributed minimization of a functional, borrowed from social foraging swarming models, containing the average interference plus repulsion and attraction terms that help to avoid conflicts and maintain cohesiveness, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/400269
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